A Chinese History Reader by Xiaoyu Sun

By Xiaoyu Sun

This publication offers a concise creation to the chinese language heritage, masking many years span extending from antiquity in the course of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty. old sessions elaborated comprise the pre-Qin interval; the Qin and Han Dynasties; the Wei, Jin, and Southern and northern Dynasties; the Tang, tune, and Yuan Dynasties; and the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Written by means of a gaggle of historians from the celebrated chinese language Academy of Social Sciences, the e-book has included a number of the newest learn findings within the box of chinese language ancient studies.

Features:
- All significant chinese language dynasties are coated in a concise demeanour. Encounters with the trendy period also are explored, along with beginning with the traditional Age in China.
- The authors supply most recent study findings, giving perception to the fascinating chinese language history.
- This publication additionally positive factors many proper images and illustrations to aid readers comprehend the themes better.

Contents
1. the traditional Age.
2. jap Zhou Dynasty.
3. The Qin and Han Dynasties.
4. The Wei, Jin, and Southern and northerly Dynasties.
5. The Tang, music, and Yuan Dynasties.
6. The Ming and Qing Dynasties.
7. The past due Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China.

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Example text

Since the King of Zhou was tian zi and overlord of tian xia (the world), the vassal lords were the subjects of the king, and between the king and the lords, there was a distinction of rank, such as superior and subordinate, and close and distant kin. The vassal lords had different ranks and titles. Under the vassal lords, there were various levels of officials: qing, da fu, and shi. Thus, a top-down hierarchical system—tian zi, vassal lord, qing, da fu, and shi—was established. The combination of a hierarchical system with a patriarchal clan system resulted in the complete and highly regulated ritual system pertaining to the monarch and his subjects, superiors and subordinates, fathers and sons, elder brothers and younger brothers, close and distant kin, the honorable and the lowly, and the noble and the inferior.

The most famous philosophers were Laozi, Zhuangzi, Confucius, Mencius, Xunzi, Mozi, Shang Yang, E A S T E R N Z H O U DY N A S T Y 45 Han Fei Zi, Sun Wu, Wu Qi, Sun Bin, Zou Yan, among others. They wrote books in which they expounded their theories, took a large number of men as disciples, and debated with other schools. The period was of far-reaching consequence in the history of academic thinking in China, and greatly contributed to the interest in and status of philosophy in ancient China. Guanzi Guanzi (died in 645 BC), whose given name was Yiwu and courtesy name was Zhong, was from present-day Yingshang, Anhui Province.

The book Guan Zi has seventy-six pieces of writings extant. It is an important work for gaining insight into the thinking of Guan Zhong and the Jixia School of thought in the state of Qin during the Warring States Period. Laozi Laozi’s surname was Li and given name was Er, also called Lao Dan. He was born in the Shan region of the Chu state in the late Spring and Autumn Period, and served as a keeper of archival records at the court of Zhou. Lao was a famous thinker in ancient China, and was the founder of the Taoist school.

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