By John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain, Ronald J. Deibert
Many nations world wide block or filter out net content material, denying entry to information--often approximately politics, but in addition when it comes to sexuality, tradition, or religion--that they deem too delicate for traditional electorate. entry Denied records and analyzes web filtering practices in over 3 dozen nations, delivering the 1st conscientiously carried out examine of this accelerating trend.
Internet filtering happens in no less than 40 states all over the world together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. comparable web content material keep watch over mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the U.S. and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of world net filtering undertaken by way of the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman heart for web and Society at Harvard legislation college, the Citizen Lab on the collage of Toronto, the Oxford net Institute at Oxford college, and the college of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings via neighborhood specialists and an intensive community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, criminal, social, and cultural contexts of net filtering in those states from numerous views. Chapters talk about the mechanisms and politics of web filtering, the strengths and boundaries of the know-how that powers it, the relevance of foreign legislation, moral concerns for firms that provide states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the results of net filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on net applied sciences for speaking their missions.
Reports on web content material rules in 40 various international locations stick with, with every one state profile outlining the kinds of content material blocked by means of type and documenting key findings.
* bankruptcy 1: Measuring worldwide net Filtering
* bankruptcy 2: web Filtering: The Politics and Mechanisms of Control
* bankruptcy three: instruments and know-how of net Filtering
* bankruptcy four: Filtering and the foreign process: a query of Commitment
* bankruptcy five: Reluctant Gatekeepers: company Ethics on a Filtered Internet
* bankruptcy 6: strong for Liberty, undesirable for safety? international Civil Society and the Securitization of the web
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Additional resources for Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering
This slope is made ever more slippery by the fact that transparency and accountability are the exception in Internet filtering decisions, not the norm. In the following chapter, Zittrain and Palfrey probe in further detail the political motives and implications of this growing global phenomenon, with subsequent chapters elaborating on technical, legal, and ethical considerations. 7 Content filtering choices. Notes 1. The OpenNet Initiative is a collaboration of four institutions: the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, and the University of Cambridge.
Il’’ was more a statement about the Syrian and UAE view on Israel, rather than an attempt to prevent its citizens from discovering particular information. il’’ address may have a hard time accessing content in the UAE as a result of the filtering there. -based Secure Computing’s SmartFilter, Websense, and Fortinet, appear to assist, or to have assisted, states that filter with the implementation and management of block lists. These services provide extensive lists of URLs categorized using proprietary methods.
Some states appear to have limited the number of people 34 Jonathan Zittrain and John Palfrey who can access the Internet, as Myanmar has, in order to keep URL filtering manageable—or to be able to shut off access to the network entirely, as the military junta appears to have done in September 2007. Technical Internet filtering is not perfect in any jurisdiction. Even the most sophisticated technical filtering regimes can have difficulty covering those cases where users are intent on getting or publishing certain information, and willing to invest effort and risk to do so.