By Lucille H. Campey
This is the 1st totally documented and specific account, produced lately, of 1 of the best early migrations of Scots to North the US. the arriving of the Hector in 1773, with approximately 2 hundred Scottish passengers, sparked a tremendous inflow of Scots to Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. hundreds of thousands of Scots, more often than not from the Highlands and Islands, streamed into the province in the course of the overdue 1700s and the 1st half the 19th century.
Lucille Campey lines the method of emigration and explains why Scots selected their assorted payment destinations in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. a lot distinct details has been distilled to supply new insights on how, why and while the province got here to obtain its detailed Scottish groups. tough the generally held assumption that this used to be essentially a flight from poverty, After the Hector finds how Scots have been being motivated through gains, akin to the chance for higher freedoms and higher livelihoods.
The anguish and turmoil of the later Highland Clearances have forged an extended shadow over past occasions, making a misunderstanding that every one emigration were compelled on humans. challenging proof exhibit that almost all emigration used to be voluntary, self-financed and pursued via humans awaiting to enhance their fiscal customers. a mix of push and pull elements introduced Scots to Nova Scotia, laying down a wealthy and deep seam of Scottish tradition that maintains to flourish. broadly documented with all recognized passenger lists and info of over 300 send crossings, this e-book tells their tale.
"The saga of the Scots who chanced on a house clear of domestic in Nova Scotia, advised in an easy, unembellished, no-nonsense kind with a few surprises alongside the way in which. This ebook includes a lot of important curiosity to historians and genealogists."
- Professor Edward J. Cowan, college of Glasgow
"…a well-written, crisp narrative that gives an invaluable define of the identified Scottish settlements as much as the center of the nineteenth century…avoid[s] the sentimental ’victim & scapegoat technique’ to the subject and as an alternative has supplied an account of the sights and mechanisms of settlement…."
- Professor Michael Vance, St. Mary’s college, Halifax
Read Online or Download After the Hector: The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852 PDF
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Extra info for After the Hector: The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852
The immense importance of the timber trade in shaping settlement patterns has been completely overlooked. 29 This made North American timber far cheaper, in spite of the greater distance to North America, and, as a consequence, Maritime timber exports soared. As the trade grew more ships crossed the Atlantic and shipowners actively sought emigrants to take on their ships' westward journeys. Competition brought down fares and transatlantic crossings became regular occurrences. The timber trade was the sole reason why ships left in such numbers from Scottish ports and without those ships the early Scottish takeover of the eastern Maritimes could not have happened.
The firstwave Hector colonizers, who had arrived ten years earlier would have been there to meet them. And because some of the Hector arrivals had also originated from east Inverness-shire, both groups could identify with the same part of Scotland. These Loyalist settlers remained and contributed to the area's strong sense of community, which had its roots in a shared homeland. This was one of the few instances where the government's relocation efforts actually coincided with settler preferences.
However, this made little difference to John Pagan. Because fares had to be paid in advance, he was guaranteed his financial reward as the ship's owner before she even sailed. John Ross also stood to benefit. He was due to get 20,000 acres of land out of the episode. Pagan and Ross clearly had no scruples. They were in the business of recruiting emigrants solely to make money. But what about John Witherspoon? He was in cahoots with two rascals and, like them, must have hoped to get some financial payback from his investment in the Philadelphia Land Company.