Austria in the First Cold War, 1945-55: The Leverage of the by G. Bischof

By G. Bischof

On the peak of the 1st chilly warfare within the early Nineteen Fifties, the Western powers frightened that occupied Austria may possibly turn into 'Europe's Korea' and feared a Communist takeover. The Soviets exploited their career sector for max reparations. American fiscal reduction assured Austria's survival and fiscal reconstruction. Their army guidance grew to become Austria right into a 'secret best friend' of the West. Austrian international relations performed an important function in securing the Austrian treaty in bilateral negotiations with Stalin's successors within the Kremlin demonstrating the leverage of the vulnerable within the chilly warfare.

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Additional resources for Austria in the First Cold War, 1945-55: The Leverage of the Weak (Cold War History)

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Manifestations of Austrian nationhood were suppressed and the proud city of Vienna was relegated to the second-class status of a provincial town. 11 On the basis of his ruthless record of the Glcichsclwltung of the Saar. Hitler sent Josef Blirckel ''as a Roman Prefect in[to] a conquered province" to accomplish the same in the Ostmark. BUrckel quickly did away with the notion that the Austro-Nazis would be in control of affairs: ·'now the Nazi co-religionaries [sic] in Austria have got what was coming to them too".

AnschluG era". 3 The local population was traumatized by the war's climatic violence in these tinal weeks. The unspeakable crimes committed in the final Nazi Giitterdammerung were unleashed by Hitler's demented orders to tight to the bitter end. Boys and old men were recruited into the Volkssturm as the Third Reich's pathetic last line of defence. Women and slave labourers were forced to build the ··Siidostwall" (the defence fortifications along the Hungarian border). This desperate retreat into nowhere ensured the continued rain of terror from the heavens, when Allied bombers dropped Lheir deadly loads al will on Austrian cities until the final days of lbe war, 4 while lhe Wehm1acht kept supporting the senseless orders of their Fiihrer.

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