By A. A. den Otter
Alexander Tilloch Galt and his son, Elliott Torrance Galt, have been vital Canadian marketers who tirelessly promoted the assets of western Canada. in the course of the latter 1/2 the 19th and the early a part of the 20th centuries, they labored zealously to carry the symbols of civilization to the undeveloped prairies.
Because immigrants and enterprise most well-liked to settle within the usa, the Galts battled British and jap Canadian reluctance to take a position within the western Canadian frontier. The competing American railways and coal undefined, the volatile overseas monetary marketplace, and the unfairness opposed to the doubtless arid and chilly southern Canadian plains additionally hampered their efforts. however, the Galts maintained their family’s positive self-confidence, obdurate perseverance, and astute company acumen. In a quick span of twenty-five years, the 2 bustling promoters brought steamboats, railways, coalmines, irrigation, and agricultural payment to the Northwest. Aided by means of beneficiant executive subsidies, Alexander and Elliott Galt remodeled the prairies greater than centuries of winds, fires, and rains.
As a corollary to the tale of the Galts, Dr. den Otter lines the start and progress of the southern Alberta city of Lethbridge, displaying how civilization got here and the issues that got here with it. The learn concludes with a entire examine the 1906 coal staff’ strike as one manufactured from the civilizing process.
Using fundamental assets hitherto unpublished, the writer brings to gentle new fabric of curiosity to historians of commercial, labour, mining, railways, irrigation, and the early improvement of the West. Appendices, tables, maps, and images extra record the interesting interval of civilizing the West.
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Additional info for Civilizing the West: The Galts and the development of western Canada
The government's action encouraged the City of Montreal, the Sulpician Seminary, and the British American Land 14 The need to expand Company to make significant investments in the railway. Britain's free trade policy, as well as the full implementation of responsible government for the Canadas, also forced Montrealers to re-examine their commercial policies. They felt betrayed by the imperial government and believed that the unity of the empire had been broken. In reaction, they began to discuss union with the United States and in the fall of 1849 issued the Annexation Manifesto.
To Gait's practical business mind it was sad that the British American colonies, The practical visionary 27 instead of building coherent, unrestricted trade patterns among themselves, had chosen to strengthen their economic ties with the United States. The time had arrived to reverse this trend and to break down the barriers to intercolonial trade, opening markets to the different industries of each region. " In other words, an integrated economy was Gait's answer to the repeal of the Reciprocity Treaty.
Galt had intermingled his private aims with the public good, but this time in a personally more profitable and ethically more ambiguous fashion than in his earlier land dealings. The completion of the Grand Trunk negotiations marked another transition in Gait's career. He virtually disassociated himself from the railway except for occasional consultations requested by its president, John Jones Ross. In 1855 he broke all his ties with the British American Land Company. Three years later he resigned from the Gzowski firm, shifting his attention to in- 20 The need to expand surance and real estate.