王维，701-761。唐代诗人、画家。字摩诘。祖籍太原祁（今山西祁 县），其父迁家蒲州（在今山西永济），遂为蒲人。他官终尚书右丞，世称“王右丞”。王维青少年时期即富于文学才华。开元九年 （721） 中进士第，为大乐丞。因故谪济州司仓参军。后归至长安。开元二十二年张九龄为中书令。王维被擢为右拾遗。其时作有《献始兴公》诗，称颂张九龄反对植党营私和滥施爵赏的政治主张，体现了他当时要求有所 作为的心情。二十四年（736）张九龄罢相。次年贬荆州 长史。李林甫任中书令，这是玄宗时期政治由较为清明 而日趋黑暗的转折点。
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Extra resources for Collection of Wang Wei (Chinese classical literature series) (中国古典文学基本丛书:王维集校注)
Finally, we present some comments, suggestions and implications. 1 The Definition of Energy Intensity Energy intensity (I) is typically defined as the ratio of energy consumption (E) to output (Q) using Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Empirically, there are several different definitions of energy intensity. For example, the energy coefficient, which is the ratio of the annual growth rate of energy consumption to the annual growth rate of GDP, is usually used as a measure to assess energy efficiency.
09a 2. National economic growth and national coal consumption Yuan et al. (2008) in Press 1963–2005 JJ, ECM GDP ! Coal Bi-direct Wang and Yang (2007) 1978–2005 E-G, ECM – GDP ! Coal Zhang and Li (2007) 1980–2004 Granger – Bi-direct 3. 68a 4. National economic growth and national oil consumption Zou and Chau (2006) 1953–2002 JJ, ECM 1953–1984 JJ, ECM 1985–2002 JJ, ECM Yuan et al. (2008) in Press 1963–2005 JJ, ECM Energy ! 1) Bi-direct 5. 1) 1952–2001 JJ, ECM Wang et al. 6) Yuan et al. (2008) in Press 1963–2005 JJ, ECM Elect !
2002, 2003, 2006; Bachmeier and Griffin 2006; De Vany and Walls 1999; Narayan and Smyth 2005; Adrangi et al. 2001; Gjolberg and Johnsen 1999; Serletis 1994; Weiner 1991). Recent work, however, reveals only one study, Fan and Wei (2006), tests the price convergence of gasoline and diesel, which one might expect, a priori to be the most likely, to show market integration among the key energy inputs for China. More importantly, the study of Fan and Wei (2006) did not take into consideration of the effect of the gradual reforms on the course of energy economic development in China.