By Kevin McQuillan
This is often an exploration of the contrasting inhabitants styles of the Catholic and Lutheran groups of Alsace in the course of a interval of fast financial switch and political turmoil. during this e-book Kevin McQuillan demonstrates essentially the importance of non secular id in influencing the lives of standard humans long ago. McQuillan proceeds from a cautious research of demographic styles utilizing the means of kinfolk reconstitution. the wonderful caliber of the underlying assets permits an intensive dialogue of marriage styles, childbearing, and toddler mortality. in the course of the booklet, different resources similar to police documents, administrative documents, and church files are used to debate the impact of social and cultural components at the demographic behaviour of the inhabitants.
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Additional resources for Culture, Religion and Demographic Behaviour: Catholics and Lutherans in Alsace, 1750-1870
For the French, the military i8 Culture, Religion, and Demographic Behaviour value of the region, and particularly its vital position on the Rhine, grew in importance. For the indigenous nobility, again exposed to devastation from conflicting armies crossing their territory, the benefits of French military protection became clearer. The result was a strengthening of French control. Strasbourg finally accepted incorporation into France in 1681. Mulhouse, on the other hand, remained a part of the Swiss confederation until 1798, when a combination of economic pressure and popular enthusiasm for the French Revolution resulted in this last major part of present-day Alsace joining with France (Oberle 1985).
The first factory in the city began operations in 1746 and was quickly followed by others. By 1787, the number of firms in the city itself had grown to twenty-six (Oberle 1985, 186), and others began to spread into the surrounding regions of the Haut-Rhin. The factory at Husseren-Wesserling, one of the communities included in our analysis, was established in 1762. From its beginnings the industry had a high level of technical sophistication and a concern for high-quality production. Dominated by a relatively small group of Calvinist families and buoyed by strong financial backing from Basel and other parts of Switzerland, Mulhouse soon came to be known as the "Manchester" of the continent.
Twelve of sixteen concentrated on cereal production. These villages were spread across the departement of the Bas-Rhin, both on the fertile Plaine d'Alsace as well as in the less productive northern and eastern regions of the province. The other four villages were located in the wine-producing belt located on the eastern slopes of the Vosges Mountains. While some land was used for grain-growing and pasture land, grapes used for wine-production was the primary crop. Farms in the area tended to be small as vine-growing required intensive labour.