Early Childhood Policies and Systems in Eight Countries: by Tony Bertram, Chris Pascal

By Tony Bertram, Chris Pascal

This document presents an outline of coverage thoughts on early adolescence schooling settings (from start to fundamental education) in 8 nations. information have been gathered utilizing a coverage questionnaire addressed to and accomplished via the nationwide examine Coordinator(s) (NRC) of Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Poland, the Russian Federation and the us. The nations that participated supply fascinating illustrations of early formative years schooling coverage in motion in quite a number different contexts. research of the systemic and structural result of ECE coverage at nationwide and, the place invaluable, subnational degrees, allows transnational comparisons in coverage and platforms. Key coverage alterations, either underway and deliberate, are documented. those info exhibit key findings in all of the 5 coverage components as coated within the questionnaire and this file: public coverage; supply types and companies; participation and enrollment; caliber insurance platforms; and expectancies for baby results. particularly, the learn goals to supply significant details for international locations, states and jurisdictions internationally with regards to early youth schooling, mapping the structures, buildings and consumer pathways in position, in addition to the perceptions of stakeholders concerning the process, its functioning and impression. This accomplished evaluate of the broader coverage contexts and settings for early early life schooling comprises teacher/practitioner skills, pedagogy techniques, and possibilities for pro improvement. Such info will let nations to check their early early life schooling platforms in a world context.

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Extra info for Early Childhood Policies and Systems in Eight Countries: Findings from IEA's Early Childhood Education Study

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In summary, Poland allows 52 weeks leave (a full year) in total, where only 14 weeks are exclusively for mothers, two for fathers, and remainder may be taken by either parent. Furthermore, each Pole can take optional, unpaid maternity/paternity leave of up to 36 months for each child; this leave must be taken before child reaches five years of age. Within those 36 months, each parent has an exclusive (this right cannot be transferred to another parent) right to one month of leave. If the child is disabled or has serious health issues, then another 36 months of leave are possible, and can be used before the child reaches 18 years of age.

For children under three years old, traditional crèches (special health child-care facilities) should have terminated their operation by the end of 2013. These were public facilities, established by cities. They often operated as part of municipal social or health facilities, some of them were affiliated to a nursery school, the others being self-contained. A new act on providing care of children within a group for children from six months of age until the commencement of compulsory school attendance (at six years old) was being prepared.

The most commonly planned changes in ECED policy include adult:child staff ratios (three countries), and regulation and quality assurance (three countries). All eight study countries have also undergone key policy changes in their services for children from three years to primary schooling (PPE) or have significant changes planned for the near future (Table 7). The United States plans the most substantial change in PPE policy. The Czech Republic plans fewest policy changes in PPE.

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