Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance: Fundamentals by Raúl Alvarez-Venegas, Clelia De la Peña, Juan Armando

By Raúl Alvarez-Venegas, Clelia De la Peña, Juan Armando Casas-Mollano (auth.)

Over the prior many years, chromatin remodelling has emerged as a major regulator of gene expression and plant safeguard. This ebook offers a close realizing of the epigenetic mechanisms concerned about crops of agronomic significance. the data awarded here's major since it is predicted to supply the information had to improve sooner or later remedies to govern and selectively activate/inhibit proteins and metabolic pathways to counter pathogens, to regard vital illnesses and to extend crop productiveness. New methods of this sort and the improvement of recent applied sciences will surely raise our wisdom of at present identified post-translational ameliorations and facilitate the knowledge in their roles in, for instance, host-pathogen interactions and crop productiveness. additionally, we offer vital perception on how the plant epigenome alterations based on developmental or environmental stimuli, how chromatin ameliorations are confirmed and maintained, to which measure they're used through the genome, and the way chromatin variations impression each one another.

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Extra info for Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance: Fundamentals and Applications: Transcriptional Regulation and Chromatin Remodelling in Plants, 1st Edition

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Science 292:2277–2280 Vaucheret H (2006) Post-transcriptional small RNA pathways in plants: mechanisms and regulations. Genes Dev 20:759–771 Vilkaitis G, Plotnikova A, Klimasˇauskas S (2010) Kinetic and functional analysis of the small RNA methyltransferase HEN1: the catalytic domain is essential for preferential modification of duplex RNA. RNA 16:1935–1942 Wallace J, Larsson S, Buckler E (2014) Entering the second century of maize quantitative genetics. ). Theor Appl Genet 113:1283–1294 Waterhouse PM, Wang M-B, Lough T (2001) Gene silencing as an adaptive defence against viruses.

2010). When a hen1 mutant was crossed to the Ler-0 background to generate F1 hybrids (hen1 Â Ler-0) it was found that the resulting F1 hybrids showed reduced size, and that plant vigor was compromised. These results indicate that the association between sRNAs and some heterotic traits might indeed be causal. However, contrasting results were presented by studies using mutants for the maize MODIFIER OF PARAMUTATION 1 (MOP1) gene, which is considered to be the homologue of A. thaliana RDR2 and is essential for the biogenesis of heterochromatic 24-nt siRNAs in maize (Lisch et al.

Aegilops tauschii spp. strangulata and tetraploid T.

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