From Oikonomia to Political Economy: Constructing Economic by Germano Maifreda

By Germano Maifreda

Renaissance Europe witnessed a surge of curiosity in new medical principles and theories. while the examine of this 'Scientific Revolution' has dramatically shifted our appreciation of many points of the early-modern global, remarkably little recognition has been paid to its effect upon one key region; that of economics. via an interrogation of the connection among fiscal and clinical advancements in early-modern Western Europe, this e-book demonstrates how a brand new fiscal epistemology seemed that was once to have profound results either on the time, and for next generations. Dr Maifreda argues that the recent consciousness proven via astronomers, physicians, aristocrats, males of letters, travelers and retailers for the functioning of financial existence and markets, laid the floor for a considerably new discourse that estimated 'economics' as an self sustaining box of clinical wisdom. by means of studying the ancient context surrounding this new box of data, he identifies 3 key components that contributed to the cultural building of economics. to start with, Italian Humanism and Renaissance, which promoted new matters, equipment and quantitative research. Secondly, eu out of the country growth, which published the life of monetary cultures formerly unknown to Europeans. Thirdly issue pointed out is the 15th- and sixteenth-century drawback of conventional epistemologies, which more and more valued empirical medical wisdom over long-held ideals. in response to a variety of released and archival assets, the e-book illuminates new monetary sensibilities inside of a number demonstrated and extra novel medical disciplines (including astronomy, physics, ethnography, geology, and chemistry/alchemy). through tracing those advancements in the wider social and cultural fields of daily advertisement lifestyles, the examine deals a desirable perception into the connection among financial wisdom and technology through the early-modern interval.

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7, pp. 50–84. , p. 84. 74 A. de Boodt, Le parfaict ioaillier, ou Histoire des pierreries (Lyon: at Jean-Antoine 72 73 Huguetan, 1644). This is the first translation of the work into French and it was carried out by the Leiden physician Andree Toll, who also published a commentary on Galen; it was published posthumously. From Oikonomia to Political Economy 42 The rigid hierarchy of value, wholly intrinsic to the object, set up by specific professional criteria – including those of the jewellers educated by de Boodt – was outrageously shattered by Sagredo’s paradoxes.

94–95; Gassendi’s letter to van den Hove 1 44 From Oikonomia to Political Economy Galileo was not fond of Torquato Tasso and criticized various aspects of his poems.

Finally, criminals who are to bear the mark of some disgraceful act are forced to wear golden rings in their ears and on their fingers, golden chains around their necks, and even golden headbands. 56 In this cultural context – that is, while the whole of Europe was embracing the news of a New World with perplexity and greed – the disruption More produced by associating precious metals with humble objects constitutes one of the most interesting ways through which the more cautious intellectuals were beginning to create, albeit tentatively, theoretical space for their thought.

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