Geography in Classical Antiquity (Key Themes in Ancient by Dr Daniela Dueck, Kai Brodersen

By Dr Daniela Dueck, Kai Brodersen

What have been the boundaries of information of the actual international in Greek and Roman antiquity? How a long way did guests get and what did they learn about far-away areas? How did they describe international international locations and peoples? How did they degree the earth, and distances and heights on it? rules in regards to the actual and cultural international are a key point of historical historical past, yet beforehand there was no up to date glossy review of the topic. This booklet explores the beginnings and improvement of geographical rules in Classical antiquity and demonstrates technical equipment for describing panorama, topographies and ethnographies. The survey depends on various resources: philosophical and clinical texts but additionally poems and travelogues; papyrological continues to be and visible monuments.

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The Greeks wanted to know about the size and shape of countries, as well as details of travel routes, local commodities and the traits of the inhabitants of different places. The Romans most conquered lands were previously unknown to the Romans and required intelligence gathered in the field; see Austin and Rankov (1995); Bertrand (1997). 37 Nepos: Geiger (1985), 76–77; Cicero: Att. 1. Introduction 19 tended to look for information about distances, topographies and foreign nations, details that contributed to a better physical orientation.

The geographical significance of conquests thus encouraged further expansion, by contributing to the political reputation of individual magistrates. 30 At the same time, individual leaders aspired to extend the territory of the state, along with their own reputation. 31 Thus Pompey’s campaigns in the east are depicted in the sources with unprecedented and even exaggerated terminology emphasizing his extraordinary geographical achievements: Inscriptions borne in advance of the procession indicated the nations over which [Pompey] triumphed.

And in the morning they saw Homole close at hand leaning on the sea and skirted it, and not long after they were about to pass by the outfall of the river Amyrus. From there they beheld Eurymenae and the sea-washed ravines of Ossa and Olympus; next they reached the slopes of Pallene beyond the headland of Canastra running all night with the wind. And at dawn before them as they journeyed rose Athos, the Thracian mountain, which with its topmost peak overshadows Lemnos even as far as Myrine, though it lies as far off as the space that a well-trimmed merchant ship would traverse up to midday.

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