By Joseph L. Awange
This publication constitutes a pioneering and targeted paintings on Lake Victoria. it's the world’s moment greatest fresh-water lake and helps the livelihood of greater than 30 million humans. unusually, there was no complete booklet addressing its difficulties and potentials. Ecology, environmental pollutants and source administration are a number of the concerns addressed through this accomplished perception into the constraints, demanding situations and possibilities dealing with Lake Victoria.
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Extra resources for Lake Victoria: Ecology, Resources, Environment
8. 3 Fisheries 37 Fig. 4. Women are dominating in the processing and marketing of Omena . 1968, the three most caught species accounted for 61% of ﬁsh landed, in 1995, they represented. The Nile Perch dominated the landings for the Lake with 57% in 1999, followed by Tilapia (22%), and dagaa (20%). Much of the Nile Perch, up to 80-90% of adult ﬁsh are processed into ﬁllets for export. Bladders (maws) are also exported. The frames are either consumed locally or processed as ﬁshmeal. Tilapia is mostly consumed locally, while Omena, is consumed either as a dried product and is increasingly being used in the production of ﬁshmeal (for livestock production).
37]. Like many other inland ﬁsheries in Africa, Lake Victoria has experienced some alarming changes in recent years. The species composition of the ﬁsheries has changed from that which prevailed at the beginning of this century when their development started. The earliest surveys of the Lake showed that the ﬁshes of Tilapine species particularly oreochromis esculentus were then the most important commercial species. Other ﬁsh species include Protopterus aethiopicus, Barus docmac, Clarias Mossambicus, Barbus, Moormyrids and Schilbe mystus.
Factories also reject a proportion of ﬁsh on account of it being too small or stale. The rejected Nile Perch are processed by the local ﬁshmongers as (Mgongowazi ) which means skeleton and are sold as far as Mombasa and even to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). 46 3 Resources Fish Processing Most locally processed ﬁsh are either sun-dried or smoked, although small quantities of frozen ﬁllets are also produced at a few small ﬁlleting plants in Kisumu. All the ﬁllets are made from Nile Perch and Tilapia.