Liberalism, Surveillance, and Resistance: Indigenous by Keith D. Smith

By Keith D. Smith

Canada is often offered as a rustic the place liberalism has ensured freedom and equality for all. but with the growth of settlers into the 1st countries territories that turned southern Alberta and BC, liberalism proved to be an exclusionary instead of inclusionary strength. among 1877 and 1927, executive officers, cops, church representatives, usual settlers, and so on operated to exclude and reform Indigenous humans. offering Anglo-Canadian liberal capitalist values and buildings and pursuits as common, average, and past reproach devalued almost each element of Indigenous cultures. This e-book explores the capability used to facilitate and justify colonization, their results on Indigenous financial, political, social, and religious lives, and the way they have been resisted.

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63 In addition to fishing for several species of salmon and other fish, the Okanagan and Secwepemc hunted a variety of large animals like deer, elk, and big-horn sheep. These seasonal hunts too were communal and included all family members. 65 As in the Treaty 7 area, men were primarily the hunters, fishers, and tool and weapon makers, while women were responsible for plant production, making lodges and household utensils, and the care of children. As in the Treaty 7 area as well, the actual division of labour was a good deal more flexible.

In the two regions discussed in detail here, the area of southern Alberta covered by Treaty 7 and the region of south central British Columbia that at various points was known as the Kamloops-Okanagan Indian Agency, the time between initial contact and overt imperial expansion with its attendant imposition of colonial governance, legal framework, social structures, and economic modes, was very short. 7 Here, it was less than eight decades between first recorded contact and the establishment of this region as an Indian agency administered and controlled by the Canadian Government.

70 The strategy of including tabular statements produced the further benefit of increasing the impression of scientific legitimacy in the reports and of the efficiency and rational understanding of DIA compilers. These impressions in turn ensured continued funding of the massive DIA surveillance network. ” Through observation, measurement, classification, judgment, and representation, the colonizers of western Canada created a body of “knowledge” about Indigenous peoples, their use of land and resources, the way they provided for themselves and their families, their way of life, and a myriad of 17 L I B E R A L I S M , S U RV E I L L A N C E , AND RESISTANCE less significant details.

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