Literature and Science in the Nineteenth Century: An by Laura Otis

By Laura Otis

Even supposing we're used to deliberating technological know-how and the arts as separate disciplines, within the 19th century this department was once no longer famous. because the scientist John Tyndall mentioned, not just have been technology and literature either striving to raised "man's estate", they shared a typical language and cultural historical past. the search for "origins", the character of the connection among society and the person, and what it intended to be human have been topics that occupied either the writing of scientists and novelists.

This anthology brings jointly a beneficiant choice of medical and literary fabric to discover the exchanges and interactions among them. Fed through a standard mind's eye, scientists and artistic writers alike used tales, imagery, sort, and constitution to show their that means, and to provide works of tolerating energy. It contains writing by means of Charles Babbage, Charles Darwin, Sir Humphry Davy, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Michael Faraday, Thomas Malthus, Louis Pasteur, Edgar Allan Poe, Mary Shelley, Mark Twain and so on. additionally incorporated are introductions and notes to steer the reader.

About the Series: For over a hundred years Oxford World's Classics has made to be had the broadest spectrum of literature from all over the world. every one reasonable quantity displays Oxford's dedication to scholarship, supplying the main exact textual content plus a wealth of different worthwhile beneficial properties, together with specialist introductions through prime professionals, voluminous notes to elucidate the textual content, updated bibliographies for additional learn, and masses more.

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By 1871 Thomson’s theory of gradual energy loss had become a scientific ‘law’, and like Wells, the physicist James Clerk Maxwell used a fictional ‘character’ to challenge it. Maxwell described matter in terms of the movements of individual particles, enhancing scientists’ understanding of gases by presenting them in terms of statistical laws. To indicate an important exception to the second law, a case in which fast-moving particles might unexpectedly move from a cooler to a warmer compartment, Maxwell asked readers to ‘conceive a being’ who selectively opened a portal between the two compartments.

There is no necessary incongruity between what has been accomplished and what remains to be done. The moral glow of Socrates, which we all feel by ignition, has in it nothing incompatible with the physics of Anaxagoras* which he so much scorned, but which he would hardly scorn to-day. thomas henry huxley From Science and Culture (1880) I hold very strongly by two convictions––The first is, that neither the discipline nor the subject-matter of classical education is of such direct value to the student of physical science as to justify the expenditure of valuable time upon either; and the second is, that Thomas Henry Huxley 5 for the purpose of attaining real culture, an exclusively scientific education is at least as effectual as an exclusively literary education.

Marilyn Butler. —— The Last Man, ed. Morton D. Paley. xxxviii Select Bibliography Stevenson, Robert Louis, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde/ Weir of Hermiston, ed. Emma Letley. Stoker, Bram, Dracula, ed. Maud Ellmann. Whitman, Walt, Leaves of Grass, ed. Jerome Loving. Wilde, Oscar, The Picture of Dorian Gray, ed. Isobel Murray. CHRONOLOGY Events 1800 Alessandro Volta develops the battery as a source of electricity. 1801 1809 1813 1815 Final defeat of Napoleon. 1818 1820 Johann Christian Oersted discovers electro-magnetic induction.

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