By Emma Hornby
How do textual content and melody relate in western liturgical chant? Is the track easily an summary car for the textual content, or does it articulate textual constitution and that means? those questions are addressed the following via a case learn of the second-mode tracts, long and intricate solo chants for Lent, that have been created within the papal choir of Rome prior to the mid-eighth century. those in part formulaic chants functionality as exegesis, with non-syntactical textual content divisions and emphatic musical words selling sure instructions of internal meditation in either performers and listeners. Dr Hornby compares the 4 second-mode tracts representing the center repertory to similar ninth-century Frankish chants, exhibiting that their structural and aesthetic ideas are neither Frankish nor a functionality in their notation within the earliest extant manuscripts, yet are as a substitute a well-remembered written mirrored image of a protracted oral culture, stemming from Rome.
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Additional resources for Medieval Liturgical Chant and Patristic Exegesis: Words and Music in the Second-Mode Tracts
Qui habitat verse 3 consists of a subordinate clause, with subject, predicate and two prepositional phrases, completing the sentence begun at the end of the previous verse. ‘(Quoniam ipse) liberauit me’ uses phrase 1g because of the text cue, so that phrase 1 material is used for both subject and predicate. The first (indivisible) prepositional phrase therefore uses phrase 2 and the second prepositional phrase forms the second half of the verse. Having insufficient text to articulate two phrases, fragments of comma X (on the main part of the prepositional phrase) and phrase 4 (on the adjective) are used rather than complete phrases.
29• psalter divisions per cola et commata the clause. Domine exaudi verse 4 comprises two compound subordinate clauses. 29 This is mirrored in the second verse half, where the adverbial comparative clause plus verb is divided from the subject. 30 Domine exaudi verse 1 consists of a compound sentence with two clauses. 31 Domine exaudi verse 6 is a simple sentence consisting of a main and a subordinate clause, one in each verse half. 32 In the second verse half, the gerund is divided from the main part of the subordinate clause; no other division would be consonant with the syntax.
Ego autem’ has phrase 1a, following the text cue of verse 4, which begins with phrase 1a on ‘Tu autem’. The rest of the clause plus the whole of the following one (‘sum uermis et non homo’) is attached to the second melodic phrase and the second compound sentence is divided between clauses (a division paralleled by the punctuation in the Regius Psalter). The Old Roman Qui habitat verse 4 divides the first clause of the compound sentence between instrumental phrase and predicate. To divide after the verb would leave only the object,‘tibi’, for phrase 2.