Mrs. Simcoe's Diary by Elizabeth Posthuma Simcoe, Mary Quayle Innis

By Elizabeth Posthuma Simcoe, Mary Quayle Innis

Elizabeth Simcoe's diary, describing Canada from 1791 to 1796, is heritage written because it was once being made. Created mostly whereas she used to be seated in canoes and bateaux, the diary files nice occasions in a well-recognized means and opens our eyes to an aspect of Canadian historical past that's too little shown.

During her time in top Canada (now Ontario), Mrs. Simcoe encountered attention-grabbing figures, the sort of explorer, Alexander Mackenzie, and Mohawk leader, Joseph Brant. She took specific curiosity within the First international locations humans, the social customs of the early settlers, and the natural world of a land that contained an insignificant 10, 000 non-Natives in 1791. the area she saw so vividly was once particularly alien to a lady used to an international of ball robes, servants, and comfort in England, however the lieutenant-governor's spouse was once made up of stern stuff and embraced her new setting with appreciate, leaving us with an account instilled with pleasure and pleasure at every thing she witnessed.

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Xxxviii HAN People of the River Hän Hwëch’in Chapter One Furs, Missionaries, Gold, and Disease T he history of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century in the upper Yukon valley can be divided into three stages. At each stage the Han became progressively more involved in an economy that linked them to the outside world. Before 1840, the Han lived off the land and received only a trickle of European-manufactured goods, which arrived indirectly through an extensive network of aboriginal traders.

Her account completely ignored the role of the church and instead highlighted the role of the chief in choosing a village site and the role of the government in providing the land. Both accounts viewed the majority of Han as innocents, unable to resist the temptations of town, and in this respect the chief viewed resettlement as something positive for his people. But unlike Flewelling, who viewed the miners as interlopers who somehow swindled the Natives, the narrator recognized them as human beings who, despite their odd interest in gold, were welcomed as friends.

31 Two years later Vincent Sim reported that while he was traveling on the Yukon River he met or heard of Gwich’in, Han, and Tanana River Athabaskans who had been stricken by an epidemic which he, like Schwatka, thought was diphtheria. ”32 Ferdinand Schmitter, an army doctor stationed at Fort Egbert in Eagle City from 1906 to 1908, recorded the story of a smallpox epidemic that may have occurred in the 1880s: “About five hundred Indians encamped in skin houses about a mile up Mission Creek were taken with small pox and most of them died.

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