By Peter Taylor-Gooby
This ebook introduces the idea that of recent social dangers in welfare kingdom reports and explains their relevance to the comparative figuring out of social coverage in Europe. New social hazards come up from shifts within the stability of labor and relatives lifestyles as an immediate results of the declining significance of the male breadwinner kinfolk, alterations within the hard work industry, and the impression of globalization on nationwide policy-making. They fluctuate from the outdated social hazards of the traditional commercial life-course, that have been involved basically with interruptions to source of revenue from disease, unemployment, retirement, and related matters. New social hazards pose new demanding situations for the welfare regulations of ecu nations, similar to the care of kids and the aged, extra equivalent possibilities, the activation of work markets and the administration of wishes that come up from welfare country reform, and new possibilities for the coordination of rules on the ecu level.
The e-book comprises unique and up to date case stories of coverage improvement throughout those parts within the significant ecu international locations. those stories, written by way of major specialists, are geared up in a comparative framework that's in the course of the booklet. They spotlight the way nationwide welfare kingdom regimes and institutional preparations form policy-making to satisfy new social risks.
a big function of this quantity is the research of advancements on the ecu point and their interplay with nationwide regulations. the european has been mostly unsuccessful in its interventions in outdated social hazard coverage, yet appears to be like to have extra good fortune in its makes an attempt to coordinate coverage for brand spanking new social hazards. adventure the following could provide classes for destiny advancements in european policy-making.
The comparative framework of the publication seeks to notify an realizing of the improvement of recent social dangers in Europe and of the actual political possibilities and demanding situations that end result. It presents an unique research of urgent concerns on the leading edge of eu welfare coverage debate and locates it on the middle of present theoretical debates.
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Extra info for New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State
A. a. a. a. a. 7 Notes: 1965 ﬁgures are for children aged 3–6 years The 1994 and 1998 East German data for children from 6–10 years exclude Sachsen-Anhalt and Thüringen Source: BMFSFJ (2002: 328); data for 1965: Alber (2001: table 9) the 1970s, their overall level has remained meagre from a comparative perspective (Alber, 1995; Ostner, 1998). 1). In the mid-1990s, child care facilities—most of them providing only half-time services—existed for less than three quarters for all children aged from three to six and a half years.
These developments have put considerable pressure on social services at the local level. The weak service infrastructure is a deeply engrained feature of the German welfare state. Strongly shaped by social catholic thinking, the latter has rested on a traditional understanding of the family (van Kersbergen, 1995). The low degree of ‘defamiliarization’ has found its expression in the well-known principle of subsidiarity according to which the state should step in only when the family cannot cope.
Not surprisingly the changes that have ﬁnally taken place have been much more substantial where there is strong support for reform (as in the case of child care) than where the constituency of those affected is weak (as in the case of the de-standardisation of employment), or where different groups are in opposition (as applies to policies designed to help low-waged workers). Our analysis focuses on the reactions to ﬁve different challenges—the difﬁculties in reconciling paid work and family responsibilities, the rising number of frail elderly people, the de-standardisation of employment, the weakening labour market position of the low-skilled, and the move towards ‘welfare markets’.