No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and by Gregory A. Daddis

By Gregory A. Daddis

Traditional knowledge holds that the U.S. military in Vietnam, thrust into an unconventional warfare the place occupying terrain used to be a meaningless degree of luck, trusted physique counts as its sole degree of army development. In No definite Victory, military officer and historian Gregory Daddis seems to be some distance deeper into the Army's suggestions for measuring army good fortune and provides a way more complicated-and disturbing-account of the yank misadventure in Indochina.

Daddis exhibits how the U.S. military, which faced an strange enemy and a good extra surprising kind of struggle, followed an incredible, and at last unmanageable, process of measurements and formulation to trace the development of army operations that ranged from pacification efforts to search-and-destroy missions. The Army's per month "Measurement of development" experiences coated innumerable facets of the combating in Vietnam-force ratios, Vietcong/North Vietnamese military incidents, tactical air sorties, guns losses, defense of base components and roads, inhabitants regulate, zone regulate, and hamlet defenses. Concentrating extra on info assortment and no more on information research, those indiscriminate makes an attempt to gauge luck may very well have hindered the army's skill to guage the genuine end result of the struggle at hand--a roadblock that Daddis believes considerably contributed to the numerous disasters that American forces suffered in Vietnam.

Filled with incisive research and wealthy ancient aspect, No yes Victory is not just a priceless case examine in unconventional war, yet a cautionary story that gives vital views on the best way to degree functionality in present and destiny armed clash. Given America's ongoing counterinsurgency efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan, No convinced Victory presents priceless historic point of view on the right way to measure--and mismeasure--military success.

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Additional resources for No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Sample text

Army officers naturally looked to their own history in dealing with small wars. From the pacification campaign in the Philippines at the opening of the twentieth century to providing advice and support in Greece and again in the Philippines after World War II, American officers had developed a certain appreciation for counterinsurgency operations. The communist-led Greek insurrection in 1945 offered American officers a chance to cut their teeth on the problems of revolutionary warfare in the nascent Cold War era.

It will examine three main areas in which officers and soldiers defined and evaluated their effectiveness in counterinsurgency operations during their time in Vietnam. Introduction 15 The first area of analysis can be defined as metrics of mission success and takes a broad interpretation of combat power, expanding the definition to include political, social, and cultural aspects. Naturally, the overall objective of military operations in Vietnam was important for measuring mission success. ”42 Even while prosecuting his strategy of attrition, Westmoreland argued that pacification efforts remained the crucial element of American policy.

Fall ranked first in American thinking. Born in France and a professor of international relations at Howard University, Fall had spent nearly fifteen years in Indochina, becoming one of its most respected scholars. His 1961 publication, Street Without Joy, a classic of the eight-year French-Indochina War, influenced a wide range of American officers preparing for deployment to Vietnam.  . ”33 He realized that assessing progress toward victory required relevant indicators. ”34 Fall argued that trends in levels of security and population control could be plotted objectively on a map given accurate reporting of assassinations, insurgent raids, and taxation by the Vietcong.

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