Post-Foundational Discourse Analysis: From Political by Tomas Marttila

By Tomas Marttila

This e-book provides the lacking hyperlink among post-foundational discourse concept and the equipment of empirical examine, and in doing so it develops a post-foundational discourse research learn application. The booklet deals a constitution of the study application, and explores the methodologization of different discourse analytical methods.

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For Lefort and Nietzsche, the transition from the theistic to the modern secular and anti-theistic society was paralleled by the decline of the extent to which sacral myths and eschatological explanations were accepted to provide solutions to worldly issues and questions. , p. 17; cf. Nietzsche, 1974, p. 281). The symbolic death of the god was followed by the profane authority of the man “who has become God” (Deleuze, 2006, p. 144). In modern society, the pre-modern “fear of God” became replaced by the “fear of man” grounded among other things in the assumed unquestionable objectivity of scientific truths and legitimation of moral ideals and social norms in the democratic formation of collectively made decisions about the shaping of the social order (ibid.

Instead, as for instance Stavrakakis (2007a, p. 79) suggests, social subjects are inclined to accept and adhere to particular discourses because they are supposed to “promise” the possibility to locate and 38 Post-Foundational Discourse Analysis establish the authentic objective essence of the social within the social order. 2) point out that the social can only be organized in the form of discursive structures, discourses can influence the social only insofar as social subjects fail to recognize their lack of objective necessity.

158; 1981a[1972], p. 26). g. 1981; cf. Marttila, 2013a, pp. g. 1973a) identified empirically visible cultural formations to reflect underlying cultural codes, Derrida postulated that a text’s conditions of possibility cannot be located outside the text (Said, 1983, p. 212). These distinctions between weak and strong types of structuralism are of crucial relevance for the analysis presented in subsequent chapters because PDA’s theoretical apparatus and the analytical strategies it motivates make sense only in relation to the critique of weak structuralism.

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