Production Organizations in Japanese Economic Development by Tetsuji Okazaki

By Tetsuji Okazaki

In this crucial new booklet, the authors discover how construction used to be prepared within the context of the commercial improvement of recent Japan.

Production organizations are taken to mean the long term relationships which financial brokers create for creation, according to employment contracts or long term transactions. This includes hierarchical agencies comparable to factories and companies, but additionally versatile arangements corresponding to subcontracting. 

Modern jap monetary improvement is characterised by means of the co-evolution of those kinds of construction organisations, whereas American fiscal improvement within the sleek interval is characterised by way of the advance of a mass construction procedure in keeping with huge hierarchical corporations. The query is raised as to why and the way a definite form of association proliferated in a undeniable in a undeniable interval, and what the function of that association was once in coordinating creation and giving incentives to the commercial brokers concerned. the result's a comparative institutional research of the organizational foundations of eastern fiscal improvement within the smooth period.

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This shift implies that the factories in the Kiryu district tended to produce lower-priced and lowerquality goods under the prolonged recession in the 1920s. The way from putting-out to mechanized factory As mentioned above, the advantage of the Kiryu district used to be production of a wide variety of goods using the putting-out system. 11 Products of Kiryu district by article, by market (source: Hashino 1997). The rise of the power-loom factory 31 preparatory process for weaving and on-the-job training was done in the factory, and weaving, designing and finishing were outsourced.

Then, what kind of products did they make? The major product at Goto Factory was obi. Though their major product had been ‘Baransu-ori’ (an obi made of satin, a union fabric of silk and cotton), the factory stopped producing them in the late 1910s when out-weavers increased and the production organization changed (Kameda 2001: 40). To clarify the change in products at Goto Factory from the 1910s to the 1920s, I have carefully explored the Orimono Seizo Hikiwatashi Cho (The Trading Records between Goto Factory and Merchants).

1935) Gendai nihon kogyo zenshu 7 Orimono (The Complete Works of the Manufacturing Industry in Modern Japan), Tokyo: Nihon hyoron sha (My translation). Sampei, T. (1960) Nippon Kigyoshi (History of Weaving in Japan), Tokyo: Yuzankaku. Sasaki, J. (1994) ‘Sanchi menorimonogyo ni okeru rikshokki donyugo no orimoto jikakojo seisan’ (The role of the power loom in cotton cloth production: a case study of the Okada family in Banshu during World War 1), Shakaikeizaishigaku (Socio-Economic History), 59(5), 32–57.

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