By Frank Dikotter
Copub: Hong Kong collage Press
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Additional resources for The Age of Openness: China before Mao
Writing two years after the Nationalist Party came to power, Li Shijie opposed the death penalty in the Prison Journal, arguing that Communist Party members like Li Dazhao had been executed by military rather than civil authorities without due respect for the rule of law. 49 Besides these periodicals, government institutions made available large quantities of official statistics and reports, whereas prior to the establishment of a republic in 1912 government publications accessible to the public were restricted to the annual reports of the Chinese Post Office and the annual trade reports of the Chinese Maritime Customs (both under foreign control).
Many other local leaders in Hong Kong chose to cross the border and work in the mainland, for instance Wong Shing (Huang Sheng), a student of the Morrison Anglo-Chinese School who had studied in the United States in 1847, many years before the arrival of official students from the mainland. Ho Kai, a brother-in-law of Ng Choy who was educated first at the Central School in Hong Kong before qualifying both as a medical doctor and a barrister-at-law in England, wrote reformist pieces for an English newspaper, the China Mai~ and collaborated with Hu Liyuan to have his essays rewritten in Chinese and published in Hong Kong and in China.
These two influential publications were remarkable in that they were written in English by bilingual Chinese for bilingual Chinese as well as an international readership. Wen Yuanning, a graduate of Cambridge University, was a member of the editorial board of T'ien Hsia Monthly, taught at National Peking University and later became an ambassador to Greece. Another member of the group, Wu Jingxiong, or John Wu, underwent postgraduate training at the University of Michigan and was one of the most brilliant members of the T'ien Hsia group, becoming a judge in 1927, a member ofthe Legislative Yuan and the author of the first draft of the new national constitution in 1936 open Borders 39 (mentioned in Chapter 2).