The Authoritarian State: An Essay on the Problem of the by Eric Voegelin

By Eric Voegelin

Published in Vienna in 1936, The Authoritarian State via Eric Voegelin has remained nearly unknown to the general public in the past. revenues of the German variation have been halted following the Nazi invasion of Austria in 1938, and the complete printing used to be later destroyed via wartime bombing. during this quantity, Voegelin deals a severe exam of the main trendy eu theories of country and constitutional legislations of the interval whereas supplying a political and ancient research of the Austrian state of affairs. He discusses the dismissal of Parliament in 1933, the civil battle, the homicide of Federal Chancellor Dollfuss, the adoption of the "Authoritarian structure" of 1934, and the crisis of being sandwiched among Hitler and Mussolini.

A radical critique of Hans Kelsen's natural thought of legislation lies on the center of this paintings, marking Voegelin's definitive departure from Neo-Kantian epistemology. For the 1st time, Voegelin elaborates at the very important contrast among theoretical techniques and political symbols as a foundation for explaining the nontheoretical and speculative personality of ideologies, either left and correct. He indicates that total and authoritarian are symbols of ideological self-interpretation that experience no theoretical price, a contrast uncomplicated to his later paintings in The New technological know-how of Politics.

Available for the 1st time in English, The Authoritarian State is a worthwhile addition to the Voegelin canon and to the sphere of highbrow background in general.

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Additional resources for The Authoritarian State: An Essay on the Problem of the Austrian State (Collected Works of Eric Voegelin, Volume 4)

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The Authoritarian State is divided into three parts. Part I provides a critical examination of the symbols “authoritarian" and "total" with regard to the most prominent European theories of state and constitutional law of the time. Part II offers a historical analysis of the problems specific to the founding of the Austrian state in 1918-20 and connects these problems to constitutional development in the nineteenth century. Part III presents an investigation into the Austrian situation in the 1930s, the so-called authoritarian constitution of 1934, its theoretical context (Verfassungslehre), and the sociopolitical reality underlying these theoretical ideas (Verfas- sungswirklichkeit).

With the help of a fellowship from the Rockefeller Foundation, Voegelin attended the American universities of Columbia, Harvard, Wisconsin, and Yale from 1924 to 1926, and was at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1926-1927. Thus Voegelin spent the relatively calmest and economically best years of the First Republic abroad. When he returned to Austria in 1927, he came back to a tense situation—as described above—in domestic politics, one already characterized in part by violence. He perceived this immediately and was especially open to Karl Kraus's linguistic and political criticism;63 Voegelin then took a more lively interest in politics than before.

Total” and “Authoritarian” as Symbols i . The Elements of Meaning Contained in the Symbols “Total" and "Authoritarian" 57 Part II. The Austrian Constitutional Problem after 1848 The Foundation of Austrian ConstitutionalTheory: Baron Eotvds 109 The Constitutional Situation of 1848-1849 126The Cycles of the Constitutions 139The Founding of the State in 1918-1920 147Part III. The Authoritarian Constitution since 1933 Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law and the Problem ofan Austrian Theory of the State 163 The Constitutional Transition (March 1933 toMay 1934) 213 The Core of the Authoritarian State 249The Authoritarian Chambers 275The Relationship of the Executive to theAgencies of the Federal and Provincial Legislatures 309 Emergency Powers Granted the Administrationand Their Control 332 The Directly Democratic and ConstitutionalMechanisms 357 Bibliography to Part III 363 Appendix: The Changes in the Ideas on Goverment and Constitution in Austria since 1918 367 Index 38i This page intentionally left blank THE AUTHORITARIAN STATE This page intentionally left blank Editor's Introduction This edition of The Authoritarian State presents Eric Voegelin's fourth book to an American public for the first time.

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