The Dual Nature of Life: Interplay of the Individual and the by Gennadiy Zhegunov

By Gennadiy Zhegunov

Life is a various and ubiquitous phenomenon on the earth, characterised through basic beneficial properties distinguishing residing our bodies from nonliving fabric. but it's also so complicated that it has lengthy defied unique definition. This e-book from a pro biologist deals new insights into the character of lifestyles by means of illuminating a desirable structure of dualities inherent in its life and propagation. lifestyles is hooked up with person residing beings, but it's also a collective and inherently international phenomenon of the fabric international. It embodies a twin life of cycles of phenotypic lifestyles, and their unseen motive force ― an uninterrupted march of genetic info whose collective immortality is assured via person mortality. even though evolution propagates and tunes species of organisms, the beings produced could be looked purely as instruments for the survival and cloning of genomes written in an unchanging code. What are the actual as opposed to informational bases and riding forces of lifestyles, and the way do they unite as an built-in process? What does time suggest for people, existence at the international scale, and the underlying info? This available exam of rules and proof indicates community of dualities lies on the middle of organic puzzles that experience engaged the human brain for millennia.

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Additional resources for The Dual Nature of Life: Interplay of the Individual and the Genome (The Frontiers Collection)

Example text

Organisms exist in an ‘ocean’ of information from the external material world. Absolutely everything around us carries information. It could be in the form of various physical, chemical, and biological phenomena, various types of movement and changes, diverse waves, fields, corpuscular streams, and so on. Living bodies perceive a certain part (a very limited part) of this external information. Organisms are only able to process the information they can sense through special analysers, receptors, and internal systems which can understand and apply the information.

Life would be impossible without the properties of proteins. It is therefore considered that life on Earth has a protein nature. In this context, the definition of life as a mode of existence of proteinaceous matter, as stated over a 100 years ago, is quite warranted, although today we need to add the known role of nucleic acids and enzymes to this notion. 5 Aqueous Basis Not a single organism is known which can or could have existed without water. Moreover, water is the main substance of most living bodies.

The significance of this aqueous substance is determined by its unique physical and chemical properties. Aqueous molecules associate with each other via hydrogen bonds. They form an integrated phase (‘universal ether’) in which biosystems exist and all of life’s processes occur. Water is a very effective solvent, a property arising from the high polarity of its molecules. The majority of organic and inorganic molecules in cells occur in a dissolved ionized form. Even insoluble substances change to a colloidal or emulsified state, which allows them to interact with the aqueous medium.

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