The Failure of Economic Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, France by Patricia M. Clavin

By Patricia M. Clavin

Based on new archival learn, this can be the 1st finished learn of the failure of overseas co-operation to strive against the good melancholy. The e-book explores the impression of protectionism, reparations and warfare accounts, in addition to the extra renowned disagreements on financial matters which, jointly, helped to extend the main profound fiscal melancholy of the 20 th century. the commercial and diplomatic classes drawn from this era through the foremost powers - really German intelligence as to the deep divisions in Anglo-American monetary relatives - additionally supply an enormous contribution to realizing the origins of the second one international conflict and the diplomatic and fiscal order created in its aftermath.

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Extra resources for The Failure of Economic Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, France and the USA, 1931-36

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As France intimated to the United States a wider agenda incorporating monetary issues would offer the United States and France the opportunity to demand clarification from the British government as to its gold standard policy - an issue in which they shared a passionate interest - as well as Britain's new General Tariff introduced in March 1932. The French proposal also reflected renewed Franco-American concern as to the evolution of British economic policy. In 1932 it was increasingly clear that a British return to gold in the near future was unlikely.

Instead, diplomacy had reverted to a more traditional focus on the British government. " On 1 July, a triumphant Hankey informed Baldwin that the French were in a 'extraordinary conciliatory state of mind and most anxious to stand in our good graces. ' Agreement in Lausanne finally came on the night of the 7 July, after a gout-afflicted 32 The Failure of Economic Diplomacy out a Chamberlain and an exhausted Hankey dined with Herriot, thrashed and people French the to ble accepta guilt political solution to the issue of war be to was which pact agreed to a bilateral Anglo-French consultative German the announced after the conference.

F In much the same way that LeithRoss co-ordinated policy preparations behind the scenes, Karl Ritter, Director of the economics and reparations office of the Foreign Ministry, was instrumental in the preparation of German policy. France, too, chose to send officials to Geneva : Charles Rist, Deputy Governor of the Bank of France, Jean Parmentier, Director General of the Ministry of Finance and Paul Elbel, of the Ministry for Trade and Industry. " More interesting and hitherto unremarked upon by historians, were the repeated overtures made by the French finance and foreign ministries for joint Franco-German policy preparations for the Conference.

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