The Lifeline of the Oregon Country: The Fraser-Columbia by James R. Gibson

By James R. Gibson

within the Lifeline of the Oregon nation, James Gibson compellingly immerses the reader in a single of the main intractable difficulties confronted by way of the Hudson's Bay corporation: how you can discover wealth from one of these distant and bold land. The personalities, locations, hindrances, and operations keen on the brigade process are all defined in attention-grabbing aspect, stretch by means of stretch from castle St. James, the depot of latest Caledonia at the higher reaches of the Fraser River, to citadel Vancouver, the Columbia Department's entrepot at the decrease Columbia River, and again. by no means prior to has this sort of wealthy selection of basic details in regards to the fur alternate provide procedure and the constraining position of logistics been so meticulously assembled. The Lifeline of the Oregon nation will end up essential to historians, researchers, and fur exchange lovers alike, and is a vital contribution to our knowing of the commercial heritage of the Pacific Slope.

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Extra resources for The Lifeline of the Oregon Country: The Fraser-Columbia Brigade System, 1811-47

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6 Dogs, however, were not infrequently in short supply, dying of starvation in the long, cold winters following the periodic failure of the summer salmon run. 7 Dogs were also in danger of being eaten by starving natives or hungry whites. Brigaders not infrequently ate dog flesh and horse meat. "11 Break-up normally occurred in late March, and the North canoes left McLeod's Lake for Fort Dunvegan on the middle Peace and Fort Chipewyan on Lake Athabasca with the returns (furs and castoreum) in late April or early May.

21 Moreover, farming would soon free the posts from their dependence upon "country produce," which the servants did not like as much as grain, beef, and the like and which - more importantly - were mostly traded from the natives. 22 Finally, Simpson recommended that New Caledonia switch from the Peace route to the Columbia route as the channel for brigading both its returns and supplies (and at the same time he recommended the abandonment of the northern [English River-Beaver River] route in 36 The Lifeline of the Oregon Country favour of the shorter and safer southern [North Saskatchewan River] route across the Western Interior at a saving of thirty-two men [fortyseven instead of seventy-nine] and £1,000 annually23).

22 Finally, Simpson recommended that New Caledonia switch from the Peace route to the Columbia route as the channel for brigading both its returns and supplies (and at the same time he recommended the abandonment of the northern [English River-Beaver River] route in 36 The Lifeline of the Oregon Country favour of the shorter and safer southern [North Saskatchewan River] route across the Western Interior at a saving of thirty-two men [fortyseven instead of seventy-nine] and £1,000 annually23). These measures marked the culmination of the governor's program of reform of the HBC's river transport system.

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