THE POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE YUCATAN MAYA. Publication by Ralph L. ROYS

By Ralph L. ROYS

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Extra info for THE POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE YUCATAN MAYA. Publication 613.

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Muhoz Zapata tells us (RY, 1:234) 7 1:234) that his encomienda included neither of the other two towns adjoining Oxkutzcab. It would seem, either that the encomienda included some other town not identified in the 1549 list, or, more likely, that there was a surprisingly large number of jtzcab. identified mber of fugitives in the region, who had fled from the towns north of the Puuc during the Spanish conquest. After the move the name Texul disappeared, except possibly 3ii^S th® ^ssibly as a rural site, but we find it again in the late eighteenth century as a town of 1710 inhabitants (Rubio Mane, 1942, 3:224).

I have been unable to identify the site of the original town, but one land document (Roys, 1941, pp. 630-31) suggests that it may have been southwest of Bolonchenticul. In any case, it seems strange to find so large a group of people in such wild country. In 1551 (AGI, Patronato 20, Qxkutzcab, Cauich, and Yotolin In early colonial times Oxkutzcab was composed of three towns named Oxkutzcab, Yaxa, and Tikumche, each with its own governor and municipal or no. 2, ramo 4; Morley, 1941, ch. 2) the population had shrunk to half its former size; and I surmise that many of the missing inhabitants fled to the forests in the ganization.

185, figs. 1, 3). tribut In 1562, however, this cacique, Diego Us, was arrested for idolatry and implicated in the ritual murder of two boys near Oxkutzcab along with a Francisco Xiu of Tekax. Don Diego was flogged, fined, and exiled for ten years from his tendt town, with toe result that he died only two weeks after his release; and his son, Don Juan Us, also died a few days later, allegedly of chagrin (Scholes and Adams, 1938, 1:89, 220, 259). The caciqueship, however, seems to have remained in toe' family, for about 1609 a Don Fernando Us signed a complaint against the governor founc ®®cribania de Camara 305A, no.

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