By Auguste Comte, Harriet Martineau
French thinker and social scientist AUGUSTE COMTE (1798-1857) constructed the suggestion of sociology as a box which may be studied, invented the time period altruism, and during this groundbreaking paintings, created a process of rules and ideas-a rational "religion"-that has due to the fact that come to steer humanism around the Western global. In quantity I, Comte bargains an outline of human background as distilled in the course of the "positive" standpoint; info the positivism of arithmetic, astronomy, biology, physics, and chemistry; and refines the functioning of human recognition as a facet of positivism. First released in English in 1853, this can be a unprecedented synthesis of notion that's required examining for someone wishing to appreciate the advance of the medical, secular frame of mind of the fashionable international.
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Extra info for The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte, Vol. I (in 2 Volumes)
Thus, organic phenomena are less exact and systematic than inorganic; and of these again terrestrial are less exact and systematic than those of astronomy. This fact is completely accounted for by the gradation we have laid down; and we shall see as we proceed, that the possibility of applying mathematical analysis to the study of phenomena is exactly in proportion to the rank which they hold in the scale of the whole. There is one liability to be guarded against, which we may mention here. We must beware of confounding the degree of precision which we are able to attain in regard to any science, with the certainty of the science itself.
Physical philosophers cannot understand Physics without at least a general knowledge of Astronomy; nor Chemists, without Physics and Astronomy; Positive Philosophy/53 nor Physiologists, without Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy; nor, above all, the students of Social philosophy, without a general knowledge of all the anterior sciences. As such conditions are, as yet, rarely fulfilled, and as no organization exists for their fulfilment, there is amongst us, in fact, no rational scientific education.
Now we must remember that we have to look for the principle of classification in the comparison of the different orders of phenomena, through which science discovers the laws which are her object. What we have to determine is the real dependence of scientific studies. Now, this dependence can result only from that of the corresponding phenomena. All observable phenomena may be included within a very few natural categories, so arranged as that the study of each category may be grounded on the principal laws of the preceding, and serve as the basis of the next ensuing.