By Steve Pitt
In 1812, a 67-year-old black United Empire Loyalist named Richard Pierpoint helped increase "a corps of colored males to face and struggle jointly" opposed to the americans who have been threatening to invade the tiny British colony of higher Canada.
Pierpoint’s specific struggling with unit wouldn't purely see provider through the warfare of 1812, it should even be the 1st colonial army unit reactiviated to quash the uprising of 1837. it should cross directly to function a police strength, maintaining the peace one of the competing Irish immigrant gangs throughout the building of the Welland Canal.
Pierpoint and the colored Corps are the significant concentration, however the sidebars that includes attention-grabbing evidence in regards to the upward push and fall of slavery in North the USA and the kingdom of African-Canadians in early Canada supply an exciting and informative complement. between different tidbits, readers will discover why "Good Queen Bess" introduced the British slave and the way Scottish pineapples are attached to the yank assertion of Independence.
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Extra info for To Stand and Fight Together: Richard Pierpoint and the Coloured Corps of Upper Canada (Canadians at War)
The weather was much hotter and more humid than what they were used to, and conditions in the fort were cramped and uncomfortable. Europeans were so susceptible to African diseases that they were pretty much confined like their prisoners to their own fortress island. With hundreds of frightened and abused humans moving in and out of cells every week, the smell was horrible and the possibility of catching malaria, yellow fever, dysentery, muscle worms, or scabies was very likely. The average slave trader stationed in Africa soon found himself shivering, sweating, and fainting, or covered in scabs and oozing pus from worm holes in his arms and legs.
They might bet one leg, and if they lost, they could bet the other leg, then an arm, and so on until they were completely under the power of another. From there they could be sold to anyone else. The West Africans didn’t own big plantations or big mines, and therefore most kingdoms didn’t need many slaves to maintain their economy. Most members of a kingdom were also in one way or another related to the ruling family, and so slavery was more like a social station. Slaves formed the bottom layer of society, but they were often considered part of a household and were treated with a basic level of kindness and respect.
The second part of the triangle took place when African captives were crammed aboard slave ships for a long and often fatal voyage across the Atlantic. On average a minimum of 20 percent of a cargo of slaves died and their bodies were tossed overboard like rotten meat, but those who survived ended up in America and their selling price was so high that the slave ships still earned massive profits despite the terrible losses at sea. To the satisfaction of the plantation owners, Africans proved to be the perfect captive workforce.