By Stefan G. Chrissanthos
From the conflict of bronze guns on bronze armor to the autumn of Rome, conflict usually made up our minds the process historical background. This quantity is a realistic advent to the examine of conflict within the historic international, starting with Egypt and Mesopotamia, and tracing the advances made in conflict strategies, expertise, and executive over 1000s of years, culminating with advancements in Greece and the Roman Empire. The chronological constitution permits the reader to track definite normal topics down during the centuries: how quite a few civilizations waged conflict; who served within the quite a few armies and why; who the generals and officials have been who made the choices within the box; what kind of executive managed those armies; and from what form of society they sprang. significant occasions and critical people are mentioned of their ancient contexts, supplying an entire figuring out of underlying factors, and permitting readers to keep on with the evolution of historic conflict as armies and empires grew to become progressively higher and extra refined. but as Chrissanthos makes transparent, background comes complete circle in this interval. Rome's cave in in 476 C.E. inaugurated an unexpected darkish age within which nice armies have been left decimated regardless of complicated expertise that, whereas proving decisive within the end result of many severe battles and stand-offs, had vanished amidst the Empire's crumbling walls.
In addition to the chronological remedy, Chrissanthos additionally contains sections on such vital subject matters as chariot struggle, cavalry, naval conflict, elephants in conflict, the face of conflict, and such very important, yet often-overlooked issues because the provisioning of the military with enough meals and water. Eyewitness bills are included all through each one bankruptcy, permitting the reader short glimpses into the lifestyles and instances of peasants and squaddies, generals and politicians, all of whom have been facing warfare and its irreconcilable effects from differing vantage issues. conflict diagrams and maps are conscientiously put in the course of the textual content to assist the reader visualize specific facets of historic conflict. The booklet additionally furnishes a close timeline and an in depth bibliography containing either sleek and old sources.
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Extra resources for Warfare in the Ancient World: From the Bronze Age to the Fall of Rome (Praeger Series on the Ancient World)
So much importance was placed on military prowess that military “schools” were established that closely resembled the famous agoge of Sparta. Techni- War in the Iron Age 23 cally, all Persians were eligible, but, because of the costs involved, in practice only the nobles participated. From the age of five, chosen nobles were trained to use the bow, throw the javelin, and ride. They were trained to endure cold, heat, and rain and to march under any type of difficult weather. Their food was spare, and they were taught to live off the land if necessary.
Cavalry could also be use to chase down enemies who had fled from the battlefield, since they moved faster and would not become as fatigued as men pursuing on foot. And, last, cavalry could add an element of surprise, which was usually difficult to achieve in ancient warfare. Infantry moved relatively slowly, as slow as their slowest unit, so slowly that their movements were usually noticed and then reported to the enemy. Cavalry could, on some occasions, move so quickly that their approach would not be noticed until they literally appeared before a city or on a battlefield.
They had the biggest army in history, maybe as many as 120,000 soldiers drawn from both the Assyrian population and from conquered peoples. There were four major divisions of the army: the household bodyguards of the king and his family; the professional military specialists such as cavalry, archers, and slingers financed by the state; the “King’s Men,” meaning the men who had been given land by the state in return for military service; and the citizen militia, which included not only a professional standing army but also reserve units consisting of veterans who had already served their time but could be called up in periods of crisis.