By Hillel Shuval, Hassan Dweik
This ebook offers a variety of methods to the answer of the serious water source problems with the center East, with specific emphasis at the Israeli-Palestinian water conflicts. The authors comprise major Palestinian and Israeli water specialists who've labored jointly on joint study tasks aimed toward build up mutual figuring out and admire. The experiences contemplate a number of the methods which may be used to enhance cooperation and remedy the issues coming up from conflicting interests.
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Additional resources for Water Resources in the Middle East: Israel-Palestinian Water Issues – From Conflict to Cooperation (Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace)
Israel imposed and still imposes facts on the ground to preserve the status quo with regard to the allocation of water resources without recognizing Palestinian rights to a greater share of the water resources or compensation for consequences of inequitable allocation in the past. 2). • Drying-up specific Palestinian springs and wells by drilling nearby deep wells for their own use. After 1967, and with the annexation of the Golan Heights and the occupation of the West Bank, Israel increased the control over both the Jordan River headwaters and the lower Jordan River.
However, the agreement did not identify or establish any explicit water rights for the parties. 11: Distribution of Outcropping Aquifer Formations Inside and Outside the West Bank. Note: The 12 per cent outcropping of the EAB inside Israel is insignificant for aquifer utilization. 12: Control of Eastern Aquifer Basin, North Eastern Aquifer Basin and Western Aquifer Basin Springs Inside and Outside the West Bank . 2 Second Stage Article 40 of Annex III of the Oslo II agreement signed on 18 September 1995 formed the basis for water sector planning and project implementation dur- ing the Interim Period (1995–2000) by which at the end a final agreement was supposed to be reached.
The Palestinian position is as follows: • It is essential to arrive at a clear and mutual understanding of the political and legal aspects of water negotiations that cover Palestinian water rights in terms of quantities, quality and sovereignty before signing a final agreement. • Parties must accept the international law and UN resolutions. • The sovereignty of Palestine to utilize and control its water resources should be recognized. • Israel should admit that its current control and utilization of the Palestinian water resources has caused significant harm and loss to the Palestinians and hence Israel must compensate the Palestinians for this past (and continuing) harm and the associated losses.