By Jean-Marc Fellous, Michael A. Arbib
The concept a few day robots could have feelings has captured the mind's eye of many and has been dramatized by way of robots and androids in such well-known video clips as 2001 house Odyssey's HAL or Star Trek's facts. against this, the editors of this ebook have assembled a panel of specialists in neuroscience and synthetic intelligence who've dared to take on the problem of no matter if robots may have feelings from a simply clinical perspective. The examine of the mind now usefully informs learn of the social, communicative, adaptive, regulatory, and experimental points of emotion and gives aid for the concept that we make the most our personal mental responses with a purpose to believe others' feelings. The members express the various ways that the mind could be analyzed to make clear feelings. worry, present, and punishment supply structuring techniques for a few investigations. Neurochemistry unearths the ways that diversified "neuromodulators" reminiscent of serotonin, dopamine, and opioids can impact the emotional valence of the mind. And stories of alternative areas corresponding to the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex supply a view of the mind as a community of interacting subsystems. comparable experiences in synthetic intelligence and robotics are mentioned and new multi-level architectures are proposed that be sure that feelings to be carried out. it truly is now an authorized job in robotics to construct robots that understand human expressions of emotion and will "express" simulated feelings to ease interactions with people. taking a look in the direction of destiny strategies, a few scientists posit roles for emotion with our fellow people. All of those concerns are coated during this well timed and stimulating publication that is written for researchers and graduated scholars in neuroscience, cognitive technology, psychology, robotics, and synthetic intelligence.
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Additional info for Who Needs Emotions?: The Brain Meets the Robot (Series in Affective Science)
Tomkins (1982) conceptualized affects as more general mechanisms than drives and hypothesized that a separate affect mechanism exists to amplify or “assist” other mechanisms of behavior. For example, certain aspects of the physical emotional responses associated with both fear and sexual arousal—increased heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, skin conductance—are not specific but rather generalized mechanisms lending urgency to the drive system. The affect system is, therefore, the primary motivational system because without its amplification, nothing else matters, and with its amplification, anything else can matter.
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