By Angus Konstam
The concept of a heavy cruiser emerged within the aftermath of the 1st global battle, and was once heavily associated with the boundaries set via the inter-war Washington Treaty on naval armament. The pre-Great struggle notion of armoured cruisers have been deserted, yet of their stead the Admiralty observed a spot for robust cruisers, in a position to patrol the ocean lanes of the British Empire, and that have been well-enough armed that they can wreck enemy trade cruisers of the type utilized by the Germans within the final war.
The outcome used to be a bunch of British warships which have been jointly referred to as the "Washington Treaty Cruisers", which did every little thing the Admiralty sought after, yet which outfitted in the limits imposed through the Washington Treaty - an armament of 8-inch weapons, and a displacement of under 10,000 lots. those amazing cruisers have been high-sided, spacious and stately - ideal peacetime ambassadors for British strength.
In struggle in addition they packed a substantial punch. whereas all of them carried robust 8-inch weapons, they have been additionally given a good armoured belt, making them immune to any international cruisers then in provider. in the course of the moment international struggle the Royal Navy's 13 heavy cruisers observed carrier in each theatre of struggle, even if playing significant sea battles within the Mediterranean, providing the coup de grace to the Bismarck within the North Atlantic, or enduring the undesirable realization of kamikaze pilots within the Pacific.