By Anne Pimlott Baker
Examines the composer's contributions to classical song, describing the problems he confronted as a musician.
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Extra info for Beethoven (Pocket Biography Series)
This live performance additionally integrated the 1st functionality of his Septet, op. 20, which grew to become very hot. He meant to commit the 1st Symphony to Maximilian Franz, the Elector of Cologne, who had settled close to Vienna in 1800, however the Elector died in July 1801 earlier than it was once released, and it used to be devoted to Baron van Swieten as an alternative. via 1800, accordingly, Beethoven used to be creating a cozy dwelling as a performer and composer. His wage from the Elector of Cologne had no longer been paid given that March 1794, and he used to be hoping on aristocratic patronage. yet after 1795 he now not needed to aid his brothers, and he was once additionally making a few funds from the book of his works, and from concerts and educating. even though typically he disliked instructing, he had a smooth spot for many of the aristocratic younger girls who got here to him for classes, and whilst the younger countesses Josephine and Therese von Brunsvik got here to Vienna from Hungary in 1799, he taught them for 4 or 5 hours an afternoon on 16 consecutive days, and refused any money. 6 In 1800 Prince Lichnowsky settled an annual wage of six hundred florins on him, which was once to be persisted until eventually Beethoven stumbled on an enduring place paying extra. yet he had no longer settled down. He appeared incapable of staying at one handle for extraordinarily lengthy, nor did he look in a position to shape an enduring courting with a girl, even supposing, in accordance with his good friend Franz Wegeler, he was once constantly in love, and in 1795 is even purported to have proposed marriage to Magdalena Willmann, a singer from Bonn, who had moved to Vienna. yet via 1800 his expanding deafness used to be commencing to have a profound impression on his outlook on lifestyles. 3 ‘I stay completely IN MY track’ B eethoven most likely started to pass deaf after what he known as his ‘terrible typhus’ of 1797, yet he attempted to maintain it a mystery, whereas consulting medical professionals and making an attempt a variety of treatments, comparable to the applying of almond oil. He was once super apprehensive approximately its attainable impact on his profession as a musician, and embarrassed via its influence on his social lifestyles. in the summertime of 1801 he wrote to 2 associates. To Franz Wegeler in Bonn he wrote that he used to be very busy, with extra commissions than he may well deal with, and publishers competing to pay money for his most recent works, yet he was once fearful approximately his overall healthiness, and especially approximately his slow lack of listening to. He have been top a depressing existence for the former years as a result of his deafness, and had shunned human corporation simply because he discovered it challenging to inform people who he was once deaf. ‘I dwell fullyyt in my music’. 1 days later he wrote to Karl Amenda, a newer pal, at the related strains, expressing the nervousness that his most sensible years might go ‘without my having the ability to in attaining all that my expertise and my power have commanded me to do’. 2 His worry that his deafness could hinder him from understanding his inventive strength led him to think about taking his personal lifestyles, yet within the socalled ‘Heiligenstadt Testament’, addressed to his brothers and located between his papers after his demise, which he wrote within the depths of melancholy in October 1802, he acknowledged that he had rejected suicide, and was once resigned to his situation.