By Robert B. Ray
here's a secret: in 1939, whilst the Hollywood Studio procedure, on the height of its strength, produced such motion pictures as Gone with the Wind, Ninotchka, Stagecoach, The Wizard of Oz, Mr. Smith is going to Washington, and Wuthering Heights, the films' number-one box-office appeal was once now not Gable, Garbo, Wayne, Garland, Stewart, or Olivier. In 1939, 1940, and 1941, the most well-liked performer within the American cinema used to be Mickey Rooney, who owed his good fortune basically to a most economical MGM sequence that focused on his personality, Andy Hardy.
this is one other secret: at some point soon long ago decade, movie stories, as soon as the main cutting edge of the arts disciplines, started to harden right into a catechism of predictable questions and solutions. via committing itself solely to rational critique, movie reports left itself overmatched by way of the tremendously well known, seductive, and enigmatic representations that represent the films. And via eschewing experimentation with the sorts of feedback, movie reports satirically reduce itself off from the recent tools of analysis and writing triggered via the 20 th century's revolution in communications applied sciences.
Robert Ray's booklet approximately Andy Hardy proposes that alternative routes of pondering and writing concerning the videos will be derived from the arts' an identical of science's natural research--the avant-garde arts. Drawing at the Surrealist culture, with its use of video games, probability, fragments, anecdotes, and college, Ray invents for movie experiences new different types of learn that imitate the cognitive behavior inspired through images, pcs, and the cinema itself. In doing so, he finds that even the Andy Hardy video clips, a regimen made from the Hollywood Studio approach, have been, in spite of everything, wealthy and mysterious.