By Robert D. Kaplan
In this provocative, startling ebook, Robert D. Kaplan, the bestselling writer of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, deals a revelatory new prism by which to view international upheavals and to appreciate what lies forward for continents and nations round the world.
In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds at the insights, discoveries, and theories of significant geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the close to and far away earlier to seem again at severe pivots in heritage after which to appear ahead on the evolving worldwide scene. Kaplan lines the heritage of the world’s sizzling spots by means of analyzing their climates, topographies, and proximities to different embattled lands. The Russian steppe’s pitiless weather and constrained plants bred not easy and harsh males bent on destruction, for instance, whereas Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics totally, calculating that area at the globe utilized by the British Empire and the Soviet Union might be swallowed by way of a better German homeland.
Kaplan then applies the teachings discovered to the current crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab center East. the result's a holistic interpretation of the following cycle of clash all through Eurasia. Remarkably, the longer term will be understood within the context of temperature, land allotment, and different actual certainties: China, in a position to feed merely 23 percentage of its humans from land that's purely 7 percentage arable, has sought power, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, placing it in ethical clash with the U.S.. Afghanistan’s porous borders will retain it the central invasion direction into India, and a necessary rear base for Pakistan, India’s major enemy. Iran will make the most the good thing about being the one nation that straddles either energy-producing components of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. ultimately, Kaplan posits that the USA may perhaps rue conducting far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan instead of tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, that's at the verge of changing into a semifailed kingdom because of drug cartel carnage.
an excellent rebuttal to thinkers who recommend that globalism will trump geography, this necessary paintings exhibits how undying truths and common evidence might help hinder this century’s looming cataclysms.
Praise for The Revenge of Geography
“[An] formidable and tough new publication . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays a powerful seize of latest international politics and serves as a robust reminder that it's been the planet’s geophysical configurations, up to the circulate of competing religions and ideologies, that experience formed human conflicts, earlier and present.”—Malise Ruthven, The manhattan overview of Books
“Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and highbrow whose fourteen books represent a bedrock of penetrating exposition and research at the post-Cold battle international . . . strips away a lot of the cant that suffuses public discourse nowadays on worldwide advancements and will get to a basic truth: that geography continues to be at the present time, because it has been all through historical past, essentially the most strong drivers of worldwide events.”—The nationwide Interest
“Kaplan plunges right into a planetary overview that's usually exciting in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic.”—The New Yorker
“[The Revenge of Geography] serves the evidence instantly up. . . . Kaplan’s realism and willingness to stand difficult proof make The Revenge of Geography a necessary antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that frequently masquerade as strategic thought.”—The day-by-day Beast
From the Hardcover edition.