By Tim Saunders
The seizure of the Belgian citadel stronghold at Eban Emael via German Airborne and specified Forces was once the dramatic starting shot within the Nazis’ devastating may well 1940 offensive. Codenamed Operation GRANITE, it concerned glider forces in a bold ‘coup de major’ operation attaining overall shock and good fortune. The simultaneous attacks on key bridges at the Albert Canal also are defined in photo element.
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Additional resources for Fort Eben Emael (Battleground Europe)
Swastika air-identification panels marking the German bridgeheads helped the airmen to spot German held positions, and with their distinct sirens wailing, dive into assaults on Belgian troop concentrations sooner than they can counter-attack the bridgeheads. whereas the Belgians have been less than assault from the air, with stories that parachutists have been being dropped at the back of them, and with Eben Emael, the world’s strongest fort, itself below assault and purely in a position to offer constrained hearth help, it's not brilliant that the Belgians have been briefly neutralised. Oberleutnant Altmann commander of Sturmgruppe Stahl. At 0515 hours, the fallschirmjägers’ help staff was once parachuted in to augment the bridgehead. back, the drop was once dispersed, with the airplane coming in less than heavy computer gun fireplace. One Spandau staff landed approximately a thousand yards to the west, the place one of many fallschirmjäger used to be killed, one other used to be frivolously wounded, and the parachute of 1 of the laptop gunners didn't open. those who landed in a single piece, having opened the 2 weapon boxes below enemy hearth, rapidly cleared the Rifles from a trench along their drop area. The computer gun workforce that landed to the west used to be remoted, yet took up a place from which they engaged the enemy with flanking fireplace. Wehrmacht infantry re-enact the taking the quit of the Belgian defenders. Fallschirmjäger besides provide packing containers being dropped from a Ju fifty two. From approximately 0530 hours, the enemy organised numerous counter-attacks at the Veldwezelt Bridgehead, that have been repelled via the fallschirmjäger’s disciplined hearth. An resulting lull ended at 0800 hours, whilst the 1st quite robust and organised Belgian counter-attack was once fastened from the northwest. It used to be crushed off by way of a mix of shut air help through the Luftwaffe and small-arms hearth, after which clean Stukas avoided the Belgians from reorganising and resuming the assault. There one other pause within the conflict, within which a number of Belgian computer weapons southwest of the bridge saved the fallschirmjäger below hearth from various approximately 500 yards. At 0900 hours, Belgian artillery and mortar hearth all started yet slackened after the Stukas spoke back to a choice for shut air help. At approximately this time, Sturmgruppe Stahl proven radio touch with a flak battalion by means of radio and ‘the asked and corrected 88 mm gun fireplace which used to be very powerful’ [against flooring targets]. After the Stukas had withdrawn back, 4 Belgian mild T thirteen tanks from the slender armoured assets on hand to seventh Infantry department probed in the direction of the Veldwezelt Bridge. yet hearth from German anti-tank rifles knocked out of the T 13s, and the rest tanks withdrew, in addition to their aiding infantry. round noon, Belgian artillery and mortars back engaged the fallschirmjäger yet have been in a timely fashion neutralised through an air assault. The Germans on the bridge got a substantial develop while, presently ahead of 1300 hours, an artillery observer social gathering arrived on the bridge from the Maastricht crossings.