Download E-books Geography: A Very Short Introduction PDF

By John A. Matthews

This Very brief advent solutions 4 easy questions: what's Geography, how do geographers paintings, why is Geography very important, and the place is the self-discipline of Geography heading? Geography has continually been very important, notwithstanding it has had just a brief historical past as an educational self-discipline and is far misunderstood. smooth Geography has come far from its old roots in exploring overseas lands, in mapping the realm and in describing the actual and human beneficial properties of the Earth's floor. There are components to the self-discipline: actual Geography, which covers typical environments and landscapes; and Human Geography, which investigates humans and the cultural panorama. actual and human geographers ordinarily don't accept as true with one another. yet there also are universal components and Geography as a complete has a tremendous position as a bridge among the sciences and the arts. utilizing wide-ranging examples, the ebook paints a vast photograph of the present kingdom of Geography, its material, thoughts and techniques, the way it built, and its strengths and weaknesses. The book's end isn't any below a manifesto for Geography's future.

About the sequence: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and elegance, Very brief Introductions provide an advent to a couple of life's best subject matters. Written by way of specialists for the newcomer, they show the best modern wondering the significant difficulties and matters in 1000s of key issues, from philosophy to Freud, quantum conception to Islam.

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Broader developments equivalent to the expansion of gender and sexuality matters in geography have brought on experiences of the ways that assorted teams occupy city area. at the conceptual entrance, the reviews of towns and concrete lifestyles have attracted the appliance of postmodern principles, post-structural idea, and important discourse research. How will we flow from the conflicting positions that frequently emerge to a few type of convergence? A perceptive and compromising remark from a British geographer is useful: even though this booklet is titled Social Geographies it makes no claims to occupy a discrete highbrow area, that are identified or sealed off from different conventional sub-disciplinary parts similar to cultural geography or political geography. fairly the plural social geographies, which emerge right here, are a porous product – an expression of the various connections and inter-relationships that exist among assorted fields of geographical inquiry. G. Valentine, Social Geographies: house and Society (2001) The sentiment is certainly one of ‘openings’; a wish to define and safeguard a selected variety of method and topic, but additionally a willingness to acknowledge and study from different techniques. It additionally serves as a press release at the present ‘state of play’ and provides a superb foundation from which human geography can growth. seventy four Whither empiricism and evidence-based experiences? facets of a normal debate by contrast carrying on with empirical culture in human geography and its expressions in evidence-based examine are significant tensions in the self-discipline that paintings in contradictory instructions. First, the concept that of information and statistical research is anathema to many adherents of the hot cultural geography. The ‘quantitative revolution’, or shift to a extra scientific and dimension technique, is seemed through them because the ‘dark ages’, a ‘diabolical science’, and a low aspect within the emergence of human geography. Their procedure, based on summary principles and the qualitative look for meanings, usually has little time for information and definitely no longer for size. moment, the grand theories or meta-narratives present in some of the kinds of structuralism equally had little time for empiricism and case reviews. through the Nineties, whilst qualitative case stories of the true international turned the dominant procedure, there has been a powerful response opposed to what Marxist geographers labelled because the ‘empirical turn’. seventy five The human size: humans of their locations A distinguishing characteristic of human geography has continually been its powerful empirical content material, that is a characteristic of either its study and its functions within the actual international. The oldest traditions reminiscent of exploration, discovery, and fieldwork all concerned the cautious selection of details and information. a lot of this was once qualitative and descriptive and shaped the bases of day trip experiences and neighborhood reports; a lot was once quantitative and measurable reminiscent of the knowledge inputs to cartography, charts, and mapmaking. Spatial research and the ‘quantitative revolution’ of the Sixties introduced all of this to the fore and triggered human geographers to use the various diverse info resources then on hand.

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