By Antony Kamm
This is a clean account of Julius Caesar - the superb flesh presser and exciting determine who grew to become sole ruler of the Roman Empire.
Julius Caesar examines key figures akin to Marius, Sulla, Cicero, Mark Antony, Gaius Octavius (emperor Augustus), Calpurnia and Cleopatra, in addition to the unnamed warriors who fought for and opposed to him, and politicians who supported and antagonistic him.
Including new translations from classical resources, Antony Kamm units Caesar’s existence opposed to the old, political and social historical past of the days and addresses key issues:
- Did Caesar break the Republic?
- What was once the legality of his place and the ethical justifications of his actions
- How strong a basic used to be he?
- What was once his courting with Cleopatra?
- Why was once he assassinated?
- What occurred next?
This is Caesar – the lavish spender, the army strategist, a substantial orator and ancient author, and doubtless the main influential determine of his time - in all his historic glory.
Students of Rome and its figures will locate this a captivating, eye-opening addition to their direction reading.
Read Online or Download Julius Caesar: A Life PDF
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Additional resources for Julius Caesar: A Life
In literary culture the Greek goddess Aphrodite used to be heavily linked to Cyprus; her identical in Roman mythology is Venus. If the statue represented Cleopatra because the mom goddess Isis, or as Isis–Aphrodite, then Caesar’s situation of the present, beside the goddess mom of the Julii, although unheard of in republican Rome, was once no less than of actual non secular signiﬁcance. That it is a legitimate speculation is advised via the truth that, back based on Appian, Cleopatra’s statue used to be nonetheless there, within the temple of Venus Genetrix, 2 hundred years later, even with her having meanwhile been declared an enemy of Rome. Caesar was once additionally frightened to come back to Spain, the place his nominee as governor, Gaius Trebonius, had taken over Pompey’s activity, basically to be despatched packing by means of Pompey’s elder son Gnaeus. Caesar’s generals in Spain, his nephew Quintus Pedius and Quintus Fabius Maximus, whose troops have been normally untried, have been not able to include the competition, which, now that it have been boosted by means of the coming of Sextus Pompeius, Labienus, and what remained in their African troops, numbered thirteen legions. they'd for this reason encamped close to Corduba, to look ahead to advancements. the location referred to as for the private intervention of Caesar, which he engineered together with his traditional ﬂair, élan, and disrespect for constitutional niceties. Lepidus, as Caesar’s consular colleague for the 12 months, was once positioned nominally in 136 T H E D I C TAT O R : C I V I L WA R four 7 – four five B C cost of affairs in Rome, with 8 prefects to aid him, notwithstanding the genuine authority used to be vested in Balbus and Oppius. Then, having rapidly referred to as up the to be had troops, Caesar set out for Spain, abandoning Octavius, who was once too unwell to accompany his great-uncle on crusade. Caesar should have travelled via closed carriage, simply because he arrived at the scene ahead of both the competition or maybe his personal males knew he used to be at the manner, having coated 1500 miles in 27 days, within which he whiled away the time via writing a story poem, ‘The Journey’. He was once good sooner than his extra legions. those incorporated the skilled 5th, and likewise the 6th and 10th, which were disbanded after Zela and Thapsus respectively, and have been now introduced again into provider with, as their middle, former infantrymen of those legions who were settled in Arelate and Narbo, on Caesar’s path to Spain. After Caesar’s departure from Rome, Lepidus appointed himself grasp of the cavalry, during which skill he went in the course of the technique of instigating consular elections, at which Caesar was once precise sole consul for forty five bc. Caesar’s Spanish crusade, fought within the south through the wintry weather, used to be tough and bloody. whereas Sextus Pompeius held Corduba, the manager centre of Romanized existence in Spain, his brother Gnaeus used to be besieging Ulia, a city which had constantly been staunchly pro-Roman. that allows you to draw Gnaeus off from Ulia, and even perhaps devote him to conflict, Caesar marched towards Corduba, sending forward numerous cohorts of heavy infantry followed through cavalry best spare horses.