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By Maria Rosa Antognazza

Of all of the thinkers of the century of genius that inaugurated smooth philosophy, none lived an highbrow lifestyles extra wealthy and sundry than Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). proficient as a jurist and hired as a counsellor, librarian, and historian, he made well-known contributions to common sense, arithmetic, physics, and metaphysics, but considered his personal aspirations as finally moral and theological, and married those theoretical matters with politics, international relations, and an both vast variety of useful reforms: juridical, financial, administrative, technological, clinical, and ecclesiastical. Maria Rosa Antognazza's pioneering biography not just surveys the entire breadth and intensity of those theoretical pursuits and useful actions, it additionally weaves them jointly for the 1st time right into a unified portrait of this designated philosopher and the area from which he got here. on the centre of the massive variety of Leibniz's it sounds as if miscellaneous endeavours, Antognazza finds a unmarried grasp venture lending cohesion to his terribly multifaceted life's paintings. during the vicissitudes of his lengthy lifestyles, Leibniz tenaciously pursued the dream of a scientific reform and development of the entire sciences, to be undertaken as a collaborative company supported through an enlightened ruler; those theoretical ambitions have been in flip eventually grounded in a pragmatic target: the advance of the human situation and thereby the occasion of the respect of God in His production. in addition to tracing the threads of continuity that certain those theoretical and functional actions to this all-embracing plan, this illuminating learn additionally lines those threads again into the highbrow traditions of the Holy Roman Empire during which Leibniz lived and through the broader highbrow networks that associated him to buyers in international locations as far away as Russia and to correspondents as a long way afield as China.

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See A VI, , N.  and N. . . See A VI, , N. . . See A VI, , . . Leibniz definitely knew the combinatorial works integrated within the variation of Lull’s Opera released in Strasbourg in  (see De Arte Combinatoria, A VI, , ). Cf. additionally Ramon Lull, Ars Magna generalis ultima, Venice, . . Lull’s desk is reproduced in Louis Couturat, los angeles logique de Leibniz, Paris, , p. . See additionally Couturat, los angeles logique de Leibniz, pp. –; E. W. Platzeck, “Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz y Raimundo Llull. ” Estudios Lulianos , nos. – (): – (esp. pp. –); Wolfgang H¨ubener, “Leibniz und der Renaissance-Lullismus. ” In Leibniz et los angeles Renaissance. Ed. by means of Albert Heinekamp. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, , pp. –.  younger Vocations (–) . Cf. Schmidt-Biggemann, Topica Universalis, pp. -; Hotson, Alsted, esp. pp. -, -, , -. . Cf. Platzeck, “Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz y Raimundo Llull,” pp. –; Couturat, l. a. logique de Leibniz, esp. pp. , ; A VI, , . . A II, , . . A II, , . . See for example Meditationes de Cognitione, Veritate, et Ideis, November  (A VI, , –). . Cf. Couturat, l. a. logique de Leibniz, pp. – and Massimo Mugnai, Introduzione alla filosofia di Leibniz, Turin: Einaudi, , pp. –. . Thomas Hobbes, Elementorum philosophiae sectio prima de corpore. London, . Pars I: Computatio sive Logica, Caput I “De Philosophia,” § . . I owe this checklist to Massimo Mugnai. . Leibniz, Dissertatio de Arte Combinatoria (A VI, , ). . A VI, , . . See Leibniz to the Jesuit Ferdinand Orban,  September  (LBr , Bl. –; released in H¨ubener, “Leibniz und der Renaissance-Lullismus,” pp. –). . See Kabitz, “Die Bildungsgeschichte des jungen Leibniz,” pp. – and D¨oring, Der junge Leibniz und Leipzig, pp. –. . Selbstschilderung (Pertz I, , ). . Adam Rechenberg to Leibniz,  January  (LBr ). . Leibniz to Adam Rechenberg, finish January  (LBr , Bl. ). . See A VI, , N. . Cf. additionally A VI, , . . See particularly A VI, , –. . See Selbstschilderung (Pertz I, , –); A IV, ,  and . . Selbstschilderung (Pertz I, , ). . See Wilhelmus Pacidius. Entwurf einer Einleitung (A VI, , N. ). . Selbstschilderung (Pertz I, , ).  The imaginative and prescient Broadens: Nuremberg, Frankfurt, and Mainz (March – March ) I N the development , the trip plans of the keen younger guy didn't take him very a long way. Leibniz spent the higher a part of his early to mid-twenties on the carrier of the Catholic archbishop and elector of Mainz, Johann Philipp von Sch¨onborn. but sustained publicity to the highbrow, spiritual, and political circles revolving round the full of life and tolerant court docket of Mainz broadened his horizons greater than broader travels in narrower confessional circles can have performed. In those years Leibniz realised the chance to give a contribution to a major programme of juridical reform commissioned via Sch¨onborn, met well known political and highbrow figures, and started corresponding with many of the key avid gamers of the eu medical, philosophical, and realized neighborhood.

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