Layout concerns for low-power operations and robustness with appreciate to adaptations in most cases impose contradictory necessities. Low-power layout concepts reminiscent of voltage scaling, dual-threshold project and gate sizing may have huge damaging impression on parametric yield below method adaptations. This e-book specializes in circuit/architectural layout options for attaining low strength operation lower than parameter diversifications. We contemplate either common sense and reminiscence layout points and canopy modeling and research, in addition to layout method to accomplish at the same time low strength and edition tolerance, whereas minimizing layout overhead. This publication will speak about present commercial practices and rising demanding situations at destiny expertise nodes.
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