By Mikhail Maslov
The I-15, I-16 and I-153 opponents have been the world's first heavily produced warring parties. a complete of 17,000 Polikarpov combatants were synthetic by the point their sequence creation was once terminated in 1941. plane of the 1st sequence effectively operated in Spain with the Republicans through the civil struggle (1936-39), in chinese language fingers opposed to the japanese (1937-38), after which with the Soviet purple Air strength back opposed to the japanese in Mongolia through the Nomonhan Incident (1939). Russian-flown fighter additionally observed motion opposed to the Finns in 1939-40 in the course of the wintry weather struggle.
By the time the Wehrmacht introduced its shock assault at the USSR on 22 June 1941, greater than 20 Soviet pilots had made ace in Polikarpov opponents in the course of those quite a few conflicts. nonetheless extra aces have been created within the first months of the German invasion, even though losses suffered via the Soviet Air Force's 5 borderline army district devices built with a few 4000 I-15bis, I-153s, and I-16s have been astronomical. regardless of being completely outclassed through the Bf 109E/F, the Polikarpov opponents constituted the spine of Soviet fighter aviation for the 1st six month's of the warfare within the east. Many destiny aces begun their wrestle careers in Polikarpov combatants, and newly-winged pilots persevered to coach at the I-15 UTI-4 two-seater till 1944. I-153s and I-16s actively participated in campaigns all through 1942 and, in definite sectors of the frontline, into 1943. Amazingly, a handful of Polikarpov warring parties remained in provider via to 1945.
This is a vital identify that is helping inform the tale of fighter evolution 'between the wars', because the Polikarpov kin of airplane successfully bridged the space among the biplane opponents of WW1 and the monoplane opponents of WW2. in addition they observed strive against in the entire 'smaller' conflicts of the Nineteen Thirties best as much as WW2. This publication additionally contains a major chew of Spanish Civil struggle fabric, in addition to operations opposed to the japanese within the past due Nineteen Thirties - either components are highly regarded with aviation historians and hobbyists alike.
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Additional info for Polikarpov I-15, I-16 and I-153 Aces (Aircraft of the Aces)
In-theatre among 31 might 1937 and 28 January 1938, he commanded an 1-15 squadron in this interval. Logging 210 flying hours in Spain. Antonov shot down enemy airplane Nikolay Shmelkov fought in Spain from 20 October 1936 to 23 January 1937. claiming 5 victories with the 1-15 in forty nine wrestle sorties. He then observed motion within the wintry weather struggle within the 1-16. sooner than attaining extra kills major 145th lAP at the Karelian entrance within the early weeks of the struggle within the east. Surviving the clash, Shmelkov's ultimate tally was once 18 victories. so much of which have been claimed with Polikarpov combatants actual identify Rychagov Agafonov Zakharov Miroshninchenko Kovalesvskiy Shmelkov' He51 three Artelllyev I 2 Kopets Erlykin Matyunin Kondrat CR. 32 2 'Fokker' Ju 52/3m I 2 (I) -0 » z (I) zero. five zero. five I zero. five zero. five three zero. five zero. five I n < r :E » :xl zero. five 2. five zero. five Pumpar Lacalle (Span ish) D'Ary (French) 2 I zero. five CData in relation to Shmelkov used to be later corrected to teach 4 own victories and t\vo shared) an extra indication of luck between Soviet fighter pilots was once nomination for the identify of Hero of the Soviet Union. The Spanish crusade led to 34 aircrew (pilots, navigators and gunners) receiving the identify. the next directory presents info of the 1-15 pilots who have been so honoured; identify Award Date Karp Kovtun Pavel Rychagov likolay Shmelkov 31/12/36 31/12/36 31/ 12/36 31/12/36 21/6/37 Boris T urzhanskiy Ivan Kopets Petr PUlllpar Ivan Eremenko Anatoliy Serov Aleksander Osipenko 4/7/37 28/ I0/37 reviews Posthumous, as killed in motion on 13/11/36 Flew international fighter varieties in addition to 1-15 Flew the 1-16 too 2/3/38 22/2/39 a few 1-15 pilots desirous about the crusade later got the name in part in reputation in their achievements in Spain. They integrated E Stepanov, E Erlykin, A Osadchiy, G Zakharov, V Kustov and E Kondrat. - - - - - - E N T E R THE 1-16------ the 1st 1-16s seemed in Spanish skies to affix the 1-15s in ovelllber J 936, and so they instantly bought an area nickname - Moskrz might be interpreted as misspelled MoSCL; (Moscow) or, additionally mi spell d, Moshkrz (Russian for blackfly). It used to be the latter interpretation which prevailed, even though Soviet pilots at first utilized diverse nickname to the 2 warring parties - the 1-15 used to be known as Rrzk (crawfish) and the 1-16 Shchllkrz (pike). To the Nationalists, even though, the 1-16 grew to become the Rrztrz (Rat), a nickname that caught. It used to be it seems that derived from a comment made via a bomber crewman who used to be so inspired by means of the rate of the attacking 1-16s that he commented 'they seemed as though they have been rats popping out of the drains l' 25 LU Z a ex:: LU l- e...