By Alexander Jones
Ptolemy was once an important actual scientist of the Roman Empire, and for a millennium and a part his writings on astronomy, astrology, and geography have been types for imitation, assets for brand new paintings, and pursuits of feedback. Ptolemy in viewpoint strains reactions to Ptolemy from his personal occasions to ours. The 9 experiences convey the complicated tactics during which an historical scientist and his paintings won and accordingly misplaced an overreaching acceptance and authority.
Read or Download Ptolemy in Perspective: Use and Criticism of his Work from Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century (Archimedes) PDF
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Extra info for Ptolemy in Perspective: Use and Criticism of his Work from Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century (Archimedes)
The corresponding passage of the Greek translation (see above be aware 187) is Myst. three. 14. 1–4. See additionally less than on Haly (p. sixty nine sooner than word 203). 192. bankruptcy XIa of this lengthy horoscope (p. 321 within the version of Bezza 2001) desires the Lot of Fortune to be nine° melanoma and to fall into the phrases of Venus that is right simply within the Egyptian procedure, no longer in Ptolemy’s. In Bezza (2001, p. 294, n. 10), right “Xa” to “XIa. ” 193. an analogous are available later in al-Bīrūnī’s bankruptcy 494 (transl. Wright 1934, pp. 306–307). For al-Kindī, I depend on the account of Bezza (1995, v. 1, p. 286). Ptolemy’s Doctrine of the phrases and Its Reception 89 194. See the fortitudines planetarum in Alcab. introd. 1. 22–23 in Burnett et al. (2003, pp. 239– 240) (= Lat. ; Arab. /Engl. : ibid. pp. 32–33). the top energy (5) is that of the “House” (domus: similis viro in domo atque in dominatione sua), subsequent (4) comes the distinction of “Exaltation” (exaltatio: similis viro in regno suo atque gloria), subsequent the “Triangle” (3, triplicitas: sicut vir in honore suo et inter auxiliatores suos atque ministros) and the phrases (2, terminus: sicut vir inter parentes suos et cognatos atque gentes), with an choice for reversal of the series (2–3 rather than 3–2). The least energy (1) is that of the “Decan” (facies: sicut vir in magisterio suo). nonetheless different—though incomplete—is a hierarchy that may be present in company. math. eight. 32. 2 (1: “Exaltation”; 2: phrases; three: “House”). 195. Alcab. introd. 1. 19 (ed. Burnett et al. 2003). 196. Wright (1934, p. 265). For al-Bīrūnī’s hierarchy of planetary dignities see above be aware 193. 197. in this astrologer see above be aware 186. 198. Wright (1934, p. 265). 199. in basic terms Al-Bīrūnī’s info in Scorpio are surprisingly wrong, yet with out shaking the obvious grouping with L, z, and Hübner 1998. Al-Bīrūnī doesn't point out each one unmarried Term’s extension yet simply the expanding sums inside each one signal. If one such determine is defective, either the former and the next time period are affected. Assuming that Wright’s English translation is true, Al-Bīrūnī’s facts in Scorpio are: U6 V12 T21 S24 U30. the one extensions are then: U6 V6 T9 S3 U6. (Hübner 1998 has: U6 V8 T7 S6 ♄3). regardless of the plain flaws it really is transparent that during the second one and 3rd phrases Al-Bīrūnī doesn't sign up for Hephaestio’s staff in inverting the order of the planets. —Note that Bezza (1992) offers a brand new Italian translation from the Arabic textual content edited through Wright (1934). Bezza (p. eighty, bankruptcy 453) has the Ptolemaic phrases of Scorpio in contract with Hübner (1998). Bezza’s observation (p. 158) doesn't point out the various info in Wright’s translation. 2 hundred. this is often similar to Aristotua within the Latin translation of Abū Ma’shar and as Al-Bīrūnī’s Astaratus. See above be aware 186. 201. Opinio maioris partis hominum que est magis veridica et magis experta est opinio Egyptiorum; et pauci utuntur terminis Ptolemei. Et de nihilo utuntur aliis opinionibus, nec advert eas inspiciunt, quia sunt a veritate distant (Abenragel 1523, fol. 5ra-b; my transl. ). 202. Haly (1493, fol. 24v–27v). the right kind yr of delivery (988, now not 998) is obvious from Ibn Rid.