Download E-books The History of The Qur'anic Text: From Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments PDF

By Muhammad Mustafa Al-Azami

The Qur'an reigns splendid in Muslim hearts because the such a lot sacred of texts: a great quantity of exalted rules to awaken the brain, noble histories to stir the soul, common truths to rouse the sense of right and wrong and particular injunctions directing humanity to its personal deliverance, all distilled into the melodious essence that's the notice of Allah. via fourteen centuries Muslims have endured in championing the textual content opposed to corruption, memorising its each be aware and considering its each word, in order that in our personal occasions untold hundreds of thousands have enthusiastially devoted every one letter to center.

Beginning with a listing of historic and modern assaults at the Qur'an, this expansive booklet presents specific insights into the holy text's immaculate protection all through its heritage, in addition to exploring the various accusations levelled opposed to it. The reception of divine revelations, Prophet Muhammad's function in instructing and disseminating those verses, the text's compilation lower than his advice and the environment of its ultimate exterior form presently after his demise, are meticulously and scientifically examinded along such themes because the origins of Arabic, its palaeography and orthography, the so-called Mushaf of Ibn Mas'ud, and the stern technique hired in assembling textual fragments.

By approach of comparability the writer investigates the histories of the previous and New Testaments, depending completely on Judaeo-Christian assets together with the useless Sea Scrolls and uncovers a startling diversity of adjustments that contact nearly each truth of the Biblical Scriptures. utilizing this as a springboard for assessing Western theories in regards to the Qur'an, he makes a worldly but passionate case for wondering the goals of Western scholarship in always undermining Islam's holy ebook, and illustrates convincingly that such learn, influenced by means of greater than mere curiousity, has no clinical touching on the Qur'an's integrity.

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Muslim, $al/0, Masajid:I04. See at-Tabari, at-Tafsir, 1:24; and different references in addition to. Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, iv:206. Ibn Ishaq, as-Seyar wa al-Maghdei, ed. through Zakkar, p. 147. Al-Baqillani, al-Intisiir, abridged model, p. sixty nine. educating THE QUR'AN sixty three whereas in Makkah nearly all of the Muslims have been from a homogenous heritage. As Islam prolonged its fmgers past tribal localities to incorporate the total Arabian Peninsula, disparate accents got here into touch with one another. educating the Qjir'an to those a variety of tribesmen used to be a need, and but asking them (and usually the aged between them) to desert their local dialects thoroughly and stick with the natural Arabian dialect of Quraish, during which the Qur'an used to be published, proved to be a tough proposition. To facilitate larger ease, the Prophet taught them of their personal dialects. sometimes or extra humans from clifferent tribes can have together realized the Qur'an in one other tribe's dialect, in the event that they so needed. iii. The partners as academics (Abdullah bin Mughaffal al-Muzani stated that after an individual of Arab inventory migrated to Madinah, the Prophet may assign (JS'-,) anyone from the Ansar to that exact announcing: enable him comprehend Islam and educate him the Qur'an. "The similar used to be actual with me," he endured, "as i used to be entrusted to at least one of the Ansar who made me comprehend the faith and taught me the Qur'an. "49 A plethora of facts demonstrates that the partners actively took half during this coverage in the course of the Madani interval. the next narrations signify, as ordinary, just a fraction of the proof at our disposal. 'Ubada bin as-Sarnit taught the Qur'an throughout the Prophet's lifetime. 50 Ubayy additionally taught throughout the Prophet's lifetime, in Madinah," even hiking frequently to educate a blind guy in his condo. fifty two Abu Sa(Id al-Khudari states that he sat with a bunch of immigrants (i. e. from Makkah) whereas a qdri' (reciter) learn for them. P Sahl bin Sa 'd al-Ansari stated, "The Prophet got here to us whereas we have been reciting to one another ... ". fifty four 'Uqba bin (Amir remarked, "The Prophet got here to us whereas we have been within the mosque, instructing one another the Qur'an. "55 • Jabir bin (Abdullah stated, "The Prophet got here to us whereas we have been studying the Qur'an, our amassing together with either Arabs and non-Arabs... ". fifty six AI-BaqillanI, al-Intisdr, abridged model, p. sixty nine. Ibn Shabba, Tiir'iklz al-Madina, p. 487. 50 Al-Baihaqi, Sunan, vi:125; Abu 'Ubaid, Farjii'il, pp. 206-7. fifty one AbU (Ubaid, Fa¢ii'il, p. 207 fifty two ibid, p. 208. fifty three AI-KhatIb, al-Fag/h, ii:122. fifty four Abu 'Ubaid, Farjii'il, p. sixty eight; al-Faryabi, Farjii'il, p. 246. fifty five Abu 'Ubaid, Farjii'il, pp. 69-70. fifty six Al-Faryabi, Fa¢ii'il, p. 244. forty eight forty nine 64 THE heritage OF THE QUR' ANIC textual content Anas bin Malik commented, "The Prophet got here to us whereas we have been reciting, between us Arabs and non-Arabs, blacks and whites ... "Y extra facts exhibits that partners travelled past Madinah to function teachers: Mu'adh binJabal used to be dispatched to Yemen. " On their method to Bi'r Ma'una, no less than 40 partners recognized for instructing the Qjir'an have been ambushed and killed.

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